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THE AVIATION CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

No. 60-FZ of March 19, 1997

Adopted by the State Duma on February 19, 1997
Approved by the Council of the Federation on March 5, 1997

This Code establishes the legal fundamentals of the exploitation of the air space of the Russian Federation and activities in the field of aviation.
The State regulation of the exploitation of the air space and of activities in the field of aviation is aimed at guaranteeing the needs of the citizens and the economy in air transportation and aerial work, as well as guaranteeing the defence and security of the State, the safeguarding of State interests, the safety of flights of aircraft, and aviation and environmental safety.

Content :

Chapter 1: General Provisions


Article 1. Sovereignty with regard to the air space of the Russian Federation
Article 2. Aviation legislation of the Russian Federation
Article 3. International agreements of the Russian Federation
Article 4. Responsibility for the violation of the aviation legislation of the Russian Federation
Article 5. Relationships regulated by the aviation legislation of the Russian Federation
Article 6. The term of specially authorised bodies
Article 7. Appurtenances of aviation property
Article 8. Obligatory certification and testing in the field of civil aviation
Article 9. Licencing of activities in the field of aviation
Article 10. Suspension of the validity of the certificate and (or) licence or their revocation

Chapter 2: State Regulation of Exploitation of Air Space


Article 11. Exploitation of air space
Article 12. State regulation of air space exploitation
Article 13. State priorities in the exploitation of air space
Article 14. Organisation of air space exploitation
Article 15. Air space structure
Article 16. Permission for the exploitation of air space
Article 17. Prohibition or restriction of air space exploitation
Article 18. Control over the observance of the federal regulations of the air space exploitation
Article 19. Liability for the violation of the federal regulations of air space exploitation

Chapter 3: State Regulation of Activity in the Field of Aviation


Article 20. Types of aviation
Article 21. Civil aviation
Article 22. State aviation
Article 23. Experimental aviation
Article 24. State regulation of activities in the Held of civil aviation
Article 25. State regulation of activities in the field of state aviation
Article 26. State regulation of activities in the field of experimental aviation

Chapter 4: State Control Over Activities in the Field of Civil Aviation


Article 27. The purpose of the state control over activities in the field of civil aviation
Article 28. State control over activities in the field of civil aviation
Article 29. Bodies of state control over activities in the field of civil aviation
Article 30. Rights and responsibilities of inspectors
Article 31. Compulsory character of demands of inspectors and inspection services

Chapter 5: Aircraft


Article 32. Aircraft
Article 33. State registration and state inventory of aircraft
Article 34. Signs fixed on the aircraft
Article 35. Standards of airworthiness of civil aircraft, aviation engines, propellers and environmental protection from effects of activities in the field of aviation
Article 36. Operating permission for civil aircraft and state aircraft
Article 37. Certification of civil aircraft, aviation engines and propellers
Article 38. Aircraft radio call sign
Article 39. Restrictions of the right to use civil aircraft

Chapter 6: Aerodromes, Airports and Objects of the Single System of Air Traffic Organisation


Article 40. Aerodromes and airports
Article 41. State registration of aerodromes and airports
Article 42. Objects of the single system of air traffic organisation
Article 43. Allotment of a land plot or water surface
Article 44. Aerodromes of joint stationing and aerodromes of joint operation
Article 45. Construction and reconstruction of aerodromes, airports and objects of the single system of air traffic organisation
Article 46. Construction within the vicinity of the aerodrome
Article 47. Allocation of various objects in the region of the aerodrome
Article 48. Certification of civil aerodromes and airports as well as objects of the single system of air traffic organisation
Article 49. Operating permissions for aerodromes and airports
Article 50. Servicing of aircraft at aerodromes and at airports
Article 51. Marking of buildings and structures

Chapter 7: Aviation Personnel


Article 52. The term aviation personnel
Article 53. Permission for persons of the aviation personnel to practise
Article 54. Training of specialists of the required qualifications in accordance with the list of posts of civil aviation personnel
Article 55. Recognition of a certificate of a foreign state issued to aviation personnel

Chapter 8: Crew of an Aircraft


Article 56. Crew of an Aircraft
Article 57. The captain of the aircraft
Article 58. Rights of the captain of the aircraft
Article 59. Actions of the crew of an aircraft in case of emergency
Article 60. Rendering assistance to ships and people in distress

Chapter 9: Aviation Entities


Article 61. The aviation entity and the operator
Article 62. Commercial activity of Russian aviation entities and Russian individual entrepreneurs in the field of civil aviation
Article 63. Commercial acivity of foreign aviation entities, international exploitation agencies and foreign individual entrepreneurs in the field of civil aviation
Article 64. Tariffs and charges in the field of civil aviation and the rules for selling documents of carriage
Article 65. Control over the activities of aviation entities and individual entrepreneurs

Chapter 10: Flights of Aircraft


Article 66. Flight permission for an aircraft
Article 67. Documents on board an aircraft
Article 68. Flight preparation of the aircraft and its crew
Article 69. Servicing the flights of aircraft
Article 70. Flight plan of the aircraft
Article 71. Radio communication with an aircraft
Article 72. Flight of an aircraft over populated area
Article 73. Aircraft demonstration flight
Article 74. Aircraft supersonic flight
Article 75. Use of photographing and filming and other methods of distant earth exploration from aboard the aircraft
Article 76. Lease of communication channels
Article 77. Use of general-purpose communication facilities
Article 78. Radio engineering support for flights of aircraft and radio communication with aircraft

Chapter 11: International Flights of Aircraft


Article 79. International flights of aircraft
Article 80. Takeoff and landing of aircraft of the Russian Federation and aircraft of foreign countries in performing international flights
Article 81. Recognition of aircraft documents on board civil aircraft of foreign countries in the territory of the Russian Federation
Article 82. Application of regulations regarding passports, customs and other issues in performing international flights

Chapter 12: Aviation Security


Article 83. Aviation security
Article 84. Provision of aeronautical safety
Article 85. Pre-flight inspection

Chapter 13: Search and Rescue


Article 86. Aircraft in distress or having had an accident
Article 87. Distress signals
Article 88. Search and rescue of aircraft in distress or having had an accident, their passengers and crews
Article 89. Provision of search and rescue operations
Article 90. Rescue operations at an aerodrome and in an aerodrome area
Article 91. Search for and rescue of aircraft in distress or having had an accident, their passengers and crews in the high seas areas and in the territory of foreign countries
Article 92. Information about aircraft in distress or having had an accident
Article 93. Information about aircraft having had an accident
Article 94. Termination of search of an aircraft having had an accident, its passengers and crew

Chapter 14: Air-accident or Incident Investigation


Article 95. Aims and procedure of aviation accident or incident investigation
Article 96. Powers of the commission on aviation accident or incident investigation
Article 97. Safekeeping of evidence material
Article 98. Provision for work on the site of the aviation accident or incident
Article 99. Financing the work on aviation accident or incident investigation

Chapter 15: Air Carriage


Article 100. The carrier
Article 101. Air carriage
Article 102. Fulfillment of air carriage rules
Article 103. Contract of passenger carriage. Contract of cargo transportation. Contract of mail transportation
Article 104. Aircraft charter contract (air charter)
Article 105. The documents of carriage
Article 106. Services and benefits rendered to the passengers of the aircraft
Article 107. Termination of the contract of carriage of passengers, contract of transportation of cargo on the carrier's initiative
Article 108. Termination of the contract of carriage of the passenger on the passenger's initiative
Article 109. Time of cargo delivery
Article 110. Change of the cargo transportation contract
Article 111. Receipt of the cargo at the point of destination
Article 112. Nonreceipt of cargo
Article 113. Transportation of hazardous cargo

Chapter 16: Aerial Work


Article 114. Aerial work
Article 115. Contract for performance of aerial work

Chapter 17: Liability of the Carrier, Operator and Consignor


Article 116. General principles of liability
Article 117. Liability of the carrier for causing injury to life or health of the passenger of the aircraft
Article 118. Liability of the carrier for loss, shortage or damage (defect) to baggage, cargo as well as luggage of the passenger
Article 119. Amount of compensation to be paid by the carrier for loss, shortage or damage (defect) to the baggage, cargo as well as luggage of the passenger
Article 120. Liability of the carrier for overdue delivery of passenger baggage or cargo
Article 121. Liability of the consignor
Article 122. Liability of the carrier for loss, damage (defect) or overdue delivery of mail
Article 123. Agreements on increase of liability limits of the carrier
Article 124. Procedure of making claims in case of violation of the contract of carriage of passengers, the contract of transportation of cargo, or the contract of transportation of mail
Article 125. Persons having the right to make claims in case of violation of the contract of carriage of passengers, the contract of transportation of cargo or the contract of transportation of mail
Article 126. Term for making claims against a carrier in case of domestic air carriage
Article 127. Term for making claim against a carrier in the case of international carriage
Article 128. Commencement of running of the statute of limitations
Article 129. Liability for injury caused by a collision of aircraft
Article 130. Amount of liability for injury caused during carriage
Article 131. Obligatory liability insurance of an aircraft operator to third persons
Article 132. Obligatory insurance of life and health of aircraft crew members
Article 133. Obligatory liability insurance of a carrier to the passenger of the aircraft
Article 134. Obligatory liability insurance of the carrier to the cargo owner or the consignor
Article 135. Obligatory liability insurance of the exploiter in aerial work

Chapter 18: Concluding Statements


Article 136. Putting the present Code into force
Article 137. Procedure of application of the provisions of this Code

Taken from http://www.avia.ru/english/code/

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