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THE CIVIL CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION


(Parts I-III)

Part I No 51-FZ of November 30, 1994
Adopted by the the State Duma on October 21, 1994
Part II No 15-FZ of January 26, 1996 in force from March 1, 1996
Adopted by the the State Duma on December 22, 1995
Part III No 146-FZ of November 26, 2001
Adopted by the the State Duma on November 1, 2001
Endorsed by the Council of Federation on November 14, 2001

Part I One

Section I The General Provisions

Subsection 1 The Basic Provisions

Chapter 1 The Civil Legislation


Article 1. Chief Principles of the Civil Legislation
Article 2. Relations Regulated by the Civil Legislation
Article 3. The Civil Legislation and the Other Acts, Containing the Civil Legislation Norms
Article 4. Operation of the Civil Legislation in Time
Article 5. The Customs of the Business Turnover
Article 6. Application of the Civil Legislation by Analogy
Article 7. The Civil Legislation and the Norms of International Law
Chapter 2 Arising of the Civil Rights and Duties, Exercising and Protection of the Civil Rights
Article 8. The Grounds for the Arising of the Civil Rights and Duties
Article 9. Exercising of the Civil Rights
Article 10. The Limits of Exercising the Civil Rights
Article 11. Protection of the Civil Rights in the Court
Article 12. The Ways of Protecting the Civil Rights
Article 13. Recognition as Invalid of an Act of the State Body or of the Local Self-Government Body
Article 14. The Self-Defence of the Civil Rights
Article 15. Compensation of the Losses
Article 16. Compensation of the Losses Caused by the State Bodies and by the Local Self-Government Bodies

Subsection 2 The Persons

Chapter 3 The Citizens (Natural Persons)


Article 17. The Legal Capacity of the Citizen
Article 18. The Content of the Citizens' Legal Capacity
Article 19. The Name of the Citizen
Article 20. The Place of the Citizen's Residence
Article 21. The Active Capacity of the Citizen
Article 22. Inadmissibility of Depriving the Citizen of His Legal and Active Capacity and of the Restriction Thereof
Article 23. The Citizen's Business Activity
Article 24. The Property Responsibility of the Citizen
Article 25. Insolvency (Bankruptcy) of the Individual Businessman
Article 26. The Active Capacity of the Minors of 14-18 Years of Age
Article 27. Emancipation
Article 28. The Active Capacity of the Young Minors
Article 29. Recognizing the Citizen as Legally Incapable
Article 30. Restriction of the Citizen's Active Capacity
Article 31. The Guardianship and the Trusteeship
Article 32. The Guardianship
Article 33. The Trusteeship
Article 34. The Guardianship and Trusteeship Bodies
Article 35. The Guardians and the Trustees
Article 36. Execution of Their Duties by the Guardians and the Trustees
Article 37. Disposal of the Ward's Property
Article 38. Confidential Management of the Ward's Property
Article 39. Relieving and Dismissal the Guardians and the Trustees from the Execution of Their Duties
Article 40. Recalling the Guardianship and the Trusteeship
Article 41. Patronage over the Legally Capable Persons
Article 42. Recognition of the Citizen as Missing for an Unknown Reason
Article 43. The Consequences of Recognizing the Citizen as Missing for an Unknown Reason
Article 44. Repeal of the Decision on Recognizing the Person as Missing for an Unknown Reason
Article 45. Declaring the Citizen as Dead
Article 46. The Consequences of the Turning up of the Citizen, Declared as Dead
Article 47. Registration of the Civil State Acts

Chapter 4 The Legal Entities


1. The Basic Provisions

Article 48. The Concept of the Legal Entity
Article 49. The Legal Capacity of the Legal Entity
Article 50. Commercial and Non-Profit Organizations
Article 51. State Registration of Legal Entities
Article 52. Constituent Documents of the Legal Entity
Article 53. The Legal Entity's Bodies
Article 54. The Name and the Place of Location of the Legal Entity
Article 55. The Representations and the Subsidiaries
Article 56. The Legal Entity's Responsibility
Article 57. Reorganization of the Legal Entity
Article 58. Legal Succession in the Reorganization of Legal Entities
Article 59. The Transfer Deed and the Divisional Balance
Article 60. Guarantees for the Rights of the Legal Entity's Creditors in Case of Its Reorganization
Article 61. Liquidation of the Legal Entity
Article 62. The Duties of the Person Who Has Adopted the Decision on the Liquidation of the Legal Entity
Article 63. Procedure for the Legal Entity's Liquidation
Article 64. Satisfaction of the Creditors' Claims
Article 65. Insolvency (Bankruptcy) of the Legal Entity

2. The Economic Partnerships and Companies

__ 1. The General Provisions

Article 66. The Basic Provisions on the Economic Partnerships and Companies
Article 67. The Rights and Duties of the Participants in the Economic Partnership or Company
Article 68. Transformation of the Economic Partnerships and Companies

__ 2. The General Partnership

Article 69. The Basic Provisions on the General Partnership
Article 70. The Constituent Agreement of the General Partnership
Article 71. Management in the General Partnership
Article 72. Business Management of the General Partnership
Article 73. The Duties of the Participant of the General Partnership
Article 74. Distribution of the Profits and Losses of the General Partnership
Article 75. Responsibility of the Participants of the General Partnership by Its Obligations
Article 76. The Change of the General Partnership's Membership
Article 77. The Participant's Withdrawal from the General Partnership
Article 78. The Consequences of the Participant's Withdrawal from the General Partnership
Article 79. Transfer of the Participant's Share in the General Partnership's Joint Capital
Article 80. Turning the Penalty onto the Share of the Participant in the Joint Capital of the General Partnership
Article 81. Liquidation of the General Partnership

__ 3. The Limited Partnership

Article 82. The Basic Provisions for the Limited Partnership
Article 83. The Constituent Agreement of the Limited Partnership
Article 84. Administrative and Business Management in the Limited Partnership
Article 85. The Rights and Duties of the Investor of the Limited Partnership
Article 86. Liquidation of the Limited Partnership

__ 4. The Limited Liability Company

Article 87. The Basic Provisions on the Limited Liability Company
Article 88. Participants in the Limited Liability Company
Article 89. Constituent Documents of the Limited Liability Company
Article 90. Authorized Capital of the Limited Liability Company
Article 91. Administration in the Limited Liability Company
Article 92. Reorganization and Liquidation of the Limited Liability Company
Article 93. Transfer of the Share in the Authorized Capital of the Limited Liability Company to a Third Person
Article 94. Withdrawal of the Participant of the Limited Liability Company from the Company

__ 5. The Double Liability Company

Article 95. The Basic Provisions on the Double Liability Companies

__ 6. The Joint-Stock Company

Article 96. The Basic Provisions on the Joint-Stock Company
Article 97. The Open and Closed Joint-Stock Companies
Article 98. The Founding of the Joint-Stock Company
Article 99. The Authorized Capital of the Joint-Stock Company
Article 100. Augmentation of the Capital of the Joint-Stock Company
Article 101. Reduction of the Authorized Capital of the Joint-Stock Company
Article 102. Restrictions on the Issue of Securities and on the Payment of Dividends of the Joint-Stock Company
Article 103. Management in the Joint-Stock Company
Article 104. Reorganization and Liquidation of the Joint-Stock Company

__ 7. The Subsidiary and Dependent Companies

Article 105. The Subsidiary Economic Company
Article 106. The Dependent Economic Company

3. The Production Cooperatives

Article 107. The Concept of the Production Cooperative
Article 108. Formation of the Production Cooperative
Article 109. The Property of the Production Cooperative
Article 110. Management in the Production Cooperatives
Article 111. Termination of the Membership in the Production Cooperative and the Transfer of the Share
Article 112. Reorganization and Liquidation of the Production Cooperatives

4. The State-Run and Municipal Unitary Enterprises

Article 113. The Unitary Enterprise
Article 114. The Unitary Enterprise, Based on the Right of Economic Management
Article 115. The Unitary Enterprise Founded by the Right of Operative Management

5. The Non-Profit Organizations

Article 116. The Consumer Cooperative
Article 117. The Public and Religious Organizations (Associations)
Article 118. The Funds
Article 119. Amendment of the Rules and the Liquidation of the Fund
Article 120. The Institutions
Article 121. Amalgamations of the Legal Entities (the Associations and the Unions)
Article 122. Constituent Documents of the Associations and the Unions
Article 123. The Rights and Duties of the Members of the Associations and the Unions

Chapter 5 Participation of the Russian Federation, of the Subjects of the Russian Federation and of the Municipal Entities in the Relationships, Regulated by the Civil Legislation


Article 124. The Russian Federation, the Subjects of the Russian Federation and the Municipal Entities as the Subjects of Civil Law
Article 125. The Order of Participation of the Russian Federation, of the Subjects of the Russian Federation and of the Municipal Entities in the Relationships, Regulated by the Civil Legislation
Article 126. Liability by the Obligations of the Russian Federation, of the Subject of the Russian Federation and of the Municipal Entity
Article 127. The Specifics of the Liability of the Russian Federation and of the Subjects of the Russian Federation in the Relationships, Regulated by the Civil Legislation, in Which the Foreign Legal Entities, Citizens and States Are Involved

Subsection 3 The Objects of Civil Rights

Chapter 6 The General Provisions


Article 128. The Kinds of the Objects of Civil Rights
Article 129. The Circulation Capacity of the Objects of Civil Rights
Article 130. The Movables and the Immovables
Article 131. The State Registration of the Realty
Article 132. The Enterprise
Article 133. The Indivisible Things
Article 134. The Composite Things
Article 135. The Principal Thing and Its Accessory
Article 136. The Fruits, Products and Incomes
Article 137. The Animals
Article 138. The Intellectual Property
Article 139. The Official and the Commercial Secret
Article 140. The Money (Hard Currency)
Article 141. The Currency Valuables

Chapter 7 The Securities


Article 142. The Security
Article 143. The Kinds of Securities
Article 144. The Demands of the Security
Article 145. The Subjects of the Rights, Certified by the Security
Article 146. Transfer of the Rights by the Security
Article 147. Execution by the Security
Article 148. Restoration of the Security
Article 149. The Non-Documentary Securities

Chapter 8 The Non-Material Values and Their Protection


Article 150. The Non-Material Values
Article 151. Compensation of the Moral Damage
Article 152. Protection of the Honour, Dignity and Business Reputation

Subsection 4 The Deals and the Representation

Chapter 9 The Deals


1. The Concept, the Kinds and the Form of the Deals

Article 153. The Concept of the Deal
Article 154. The Agreements and the Unilateral Deals
Article 155. The Duties by the Unilateral Deal
Article 156. Legal Regulation of the Unilateral Deals
Article 157. The Deals, Made Under a Condition
Article 158. The Form of the Deals
Article 159. The Oral Deals
Article 160. The Written Form of the Deal
Article 161. The Deals, Made in the Simple Written Form
Article 162. The Consequences of the Non-observance of the Simple Written Form of the Deal
Article 163. The Notarially Certified Deal
Article 164. The State Registration of the Deals
Article 165. The Consequences of the Non-Observance of the Notarial Form of the Deal and of the Requirement for Its Registration

2. The Invalidity of the Deals

Article 166. The Disputable and the Insignificant Deals
Article 167. The General Provisions on the Consequences of the Invalidity of the Deal
Article 168. Invalidity of the Deal Not Corresponding to the Law or to the Other Legal Acts
Article 169. Invalidity of the Deal, Made for the Purpose, Contradicting the Foundations of the Law and Order, and of Morality
Article 170. Invalidity of the Sham and of the Feigned Deal
Article 171. Invalidity of the Deal, Made by the Citizen, Recognized as Legally Incapable
Article 172. Invalidity of the Deal, Made by the Minor Below 14 Years of Age
Article 173. Invalidity of the Deal, Made by the Legal Entity, Which Is Beyond the Scope of Its Legal Capacity
Article 174. The Consequences of the Restriction of Powers for Making the Deal
Article 175. Invalidity of the Deal, Made by the Minor of 14-18 Years of Age
Article 176. Invalidity of the Deal, Made by the Citizen Whose Legal Capacity Has Been Restricted by the Court
Article 177. Invalidity of the Deal, Made by the Citizen, Incapable of Realizing the Meaning of His Actions or of Keeping Them Under Control
Article 178. Invalidity of the Deal, Made Under the Impact of Delusion
Article 179. Invalidity of the Deal, Made Under the Impact of the Fraud, Coercion, a Threat or an Ill-Intentioned Agreement of the Representative of One Party with the Other Party, or of the Coincidence of Ill Circumstances
Article 180. The Consequences of the Invalidity of a Part of the Deal
Article 181. The Term of Legal Limitation by the Invalid Deals

Chapter 10 The Representation. The Warrant


Article 182. The Representation
Article 183. The Effecting of the Deal by an Unauthorized Person
Article 184. The Commercial Representation
Article 185. The Warrant
Article 186. The Period of the Warrant
Article 187. Transfer of the Warrant
Article 188. Withdrawal of the Warrant
Article 189. The Consequences of the Termination of the Warrant

Subsection 5 The Term. The Limitation of Actions

Chapter 11 The Counting of the Term


Article 190. Definition of the Term
Article 191. The Start of the Term, Defined by a Period of Time
Article 192. The End of the Term, Defined by a Period of Time
Article 193. Expiry of the Term on a Holiday
Article 194. Procedure for Performing Actions on the Last Day of the Term

Chapter 12 The Limitation of Actions


Article 195. The Concept of the Limitation of Actions
Article 196. The General Term of the Limitation of Actions
Article 197. Special Terms of the Limitation of Actions
Article 198. Invalidity of the Agreement on Changing the Terms of the Limitation of Actions
Article 199. Application of the Limitation of Actions
Article 200. The Start of the Proceeding of the Term of the Limitation of Actions
Article 201. The Term of the Limitation of Actions in the Substitution of the Persons in the Obligation
Article 202. Suspension of the Proceeding of the Term of the Limitation of Actions
Article 203. Interruption of the Proceeding of the Term of Limitation of Actions
Article 204. Proceeding of the Term of Limitation if the Claim Is Dismissed
Article 205. Restoration of the Term of the Limitation of Actions
Article 206. Execution of the Duty After the Expiry of the Term of the Limitation of Actions
Article 207. Application of the Limitation of Actions to Supplementary Claims
Article 208. The Claims to Which the Limitation of Actions Shall Not Be Apply

Section II The Right of Ownership and the Other Rights of Estate

Chapter 13 The General Provisions


Article 209. The Content of the Right of Ownership
Article 210. The Burden of Maintaining the Property
Article 211. The Risk of an Accidental Destruction of the Property
Article 212. The Subjects of the Right of Ownership
Article 213. The Right of Ownership of the Citizens and of the Legal Entities
Article 214. The Right of the State Ownership
Article 215. The Right of the Municipal Ownership
Article 216. The Rights of Estate of the Persons, Who Are Not the Owners
Article 217. Privatization of the State and of the Municipal Property

Chapter 14 The Acquisition of the Right of Ownership


Article 218. The Grounds for the Acquisition of the Right of Ownership
Article 219. Arising of the Right of Ownership to the Newly Created Realty
Article 220. The Processing
Article 221. Turning into the Ownership of the Objects, Generally Available for Collection
Article 222. The Unauthorized Structure
Article 223. The Moment of the Right of Ownership Arising in the Acquirer by the Contract
Article 224. The Transfer of the Thing
Article 225. Ownerless Things
Article 226. The Movables, Renounced by the Owner
Article 227. The Find
Article 228. Acquisition of the Right of Ownership to the Find
Article 229. Compensation of the Expenses, Involved in the Find, and the Reward to the Person, Who Has Found It
Article 230. The Neglected Animals
Article 231. Acquisition of the Right of Ownership to the Neglected Animals
Article 232. Compensation of the Expenses Involved in Keeping Neglected Animals and the Reward for Them
Article 233. The Treasure
Article 234. Acquisitive Prescription

Chapter 15 The Cessation of the Right of Ownership

Article 235. The Grounds for the Cessation of the Right of Ownership
Article 236. Renouncement of the Right of Ownership
Article 237. Turning of the Penalty onto the Property by the Owner's Obligations
Article 238. Cessation of the Right of Ownership to the Property in the Person, Who May Not Own It
Article 239. Alienation of the Realty in Connection with the Withdrawal of the Land Plot, on Which It Is Situated
Article 240. Redemption of the Mismanaged Cultural Values
Article 241. Redemption of the Domestic Animals in Case of Their Improper Treatment
Article 242. Requisition
Article 243. Confiscation

Chapter 16 The Common Property

Article 244. The Concept and the Grounds for the Common Property to Arise
Article 245. Definition of the Shares in the Right of the Share Ownership
Article 246. Disposal of the Property in the Share Ownership
Article 247. Possession and Use of the Property in the Share Ownership
Article 248. The Fruits, Products and Incomes from the Use of the Property in the Share Ownership
Article 249. Expenses Involved in the Maintenance of the Property in the Share Ownership
Article 250. Preferential Right of the Purchase
Article 251. The Moment of the Transfer of the Share in the Right of the Common Ownership to the Acquirer by the Contract
Article 252. Division of the Property in the Share Ownership and the Setting Apart of a Share from It
Article 253. Possession, Use and Disposal of the Property in the Joint Ownership
Article 254. Division of the Property in the Joint Ownership and the Setting Apart of a Share from It
Article 255. Turning of the Penalty onto the Share in the Common Property
Article 256. The Community Property
Article 257. The Ownership of the Peasant (Farmer's) Economy
Article 258. Division of the Peasant (the Farmer's) Economy
Article 259. The Ownership of the Economic Partnership or of the Cooperative, Based on the Property of the Peasant (the Farmer's) Economy

Chapter 17 The Right of Ownership and the Other Rights of Estate to the Land


Article 260. The General Provisions on the Right of Ownership to the Land
Article 261. The Land Plot as an Object of the Right of Ownership
Article 262. The Land Plots of the Common Use. Access to the Land Plot
Article 263. Construction on the Land Plot
Article 264. The Rights to the Land of the Persons, Who Are Not the Owners of the Land Plots
Article 265. The Grounds for the Acquisition of the Right to the Inherited Life Possession of the Land Plot
Article 266. Possession and Use of the Land Plot by the Right of the Inherited Life Possession
Article 267. Disposal of the Land Plot, Which Is in the Inherited Life Possession
Article 268. The Grounds for the Acquisition of the Right of the Permanent (Perpetual) Use of the Land Plot
Article 269. Possession and Use of the Land by the Right of the Permanent Use
Article 270. Disposal of the Land Plot, Which Is in the Permanent Use
Article 271. The Right of the Use of the Land Plot by the Owner of the Immovable Property
Article 272. The Consequences of the Loss by the Realty Owner of the Right to the Use of the Land Plot
Article 273. Transfer of the Right to the Land Plot in Case of the Alienation of the Buildings or the Structures, Situated on It
Article 274. The Right of the Limited Use of the Other Person's Land Plot (the Servitude)
Article 275. Preservation of the Servitude in the Transfer of the Rights to the Land Plot
Article 276. Termination of the Servitude
Article 277. The Burdening with the Servitude of the Buildings and the Structures
Article 278. The Turning of the Penalty onto the Land Plot
Article 279. Redemption of the Land Plot for the State and for the Municipal Needs
Article 280. The Rights of the Owner of the Land Plot, Subject to Withdrawal for the State or for the Municipal Needs
Article 281. Redemption Price of the Land Plot, Withdrawn for the State or for the Municipal Needs
Article 282. Redemption of the Land Plot for the State and Municipal Needs by the Court Decision
Article 283. Cessation of the Rights of the Possession or the Use of the Land Plot When It Is Withdrawn for the State or Municipal Needs
Article 284. Withdrawal of the Land Plot, Which Is Not Used in Conformity with Its Purpose
Article 285. Withdrawal of the Land Plot, Used with the Violation of the Legislation
Article 286. The Order of Redemption of the Land Plot in View of Its Improper Use
Article 287. Termination of the Rights to the Land Plot, Belonging to the Persons, Who Are Not Its Owners

Chapter 18 The Right of Ownership and the Other Rights of Estate to the Living Quarters


Article 288. The Ownership of the Living Quarters
Article 289. The Flat as an Object of the Right of Ownership
Article 290. The Common Property of the Owners of Flats in an Apartment House
Article 291. The Partnership of the Housing Owners
Article 292. The Rights of the Family Members of the Owners of the Living Quarters
Article 293. Cessation of the Right of the Ownership to the Mismanaged Living Quarters

Chapter 19 The Right of Economic Management and the Right of Operation Management


Article 294. The Right of Economic Management
Article 295. The Rights of the Owner with Respect to the Property in Economic Management
Article 296. The Right of Operation Management
Article 297. Disposal of the Property of the State Enterprise
Article 298. Disposal of the Property of the Institution
Article 299. The Acquisition and the Termination of the Right of Economic Management and of the Right of Operation Management
Article 300. Preservation of the Rights to the Property When the Enterprise or the Institution Is Transferred to Another Owner

Chapter 20 Protection of the Right of Ownership and of the Other Rights of Estate


Article 301. Reclamation of the Property from the Other Person's Adverse Possession
Article 302. Reclamation of the Property from the Bona Fide Acquirer
Article 303. Settlements in the Reclamation of the Property from the Adverse Possession
Article 304. Protection of the Owner's Rights from the Violations, Not Involved in the Deprivation of the Possession
Article 305. Protection of the Rights of the Possessor, Who Is Not the Owner
Article 306. The Consequences of the Termination of the Right of Ownership by Force of the Law

Section III The General Part of the Law of Obligation

Subsection 1 The General Provisions on Obligations

Chapter 21 The Concept and the Aspects of an Obligation


Article 307. The Concept of an Obligation and the Grounds for It to Arise
Article 308. The Parties to an Obligation

Chapter 22 The Discharge of Obligations


Article 309. The General Provisions
Article 310. Inadmissibly of the Unilateral Refusal to Discharge the Obligation
Article 311. Discharge of the Obligation by Parts
Article 312. Discharge of the Obligation to the Proper Person
Article 313. Discharge of the Obligation by the Third Person
Article 314. The Term of the Discharge of the Obligation
Article 315. Advanced Discharge of the Obligation
Article 316. The Place of Discharge of the Obligation
Article 317. The Currency of the Pecuniary Obligations
Article 318. The Increase of the Amounts, Paid Out for the Maintenance of the Citizen
Article 319. Priority for Satisfaction of Claims under the Monetary Obligation
Article 320. Discharge of the Alternative Obligation
Article 321. Discharge of the Obligation, in Which Several Creditors or Several Debtors Participate
Article 322. Joint Obligations
Article 323. The Creditor's Rights in the Joint Duty
Article 324. Objections to the Creditor's Claims in the Joint Duty
Article 325. Discharge of the Joint Duty by One of the Debtors
Article 326. The Joint Claims
Article 327. Discharge of the Obligation by Placing the Debt on a Deposit
Article 328. The Recourse Discharge of Obligations


Chapter 23 Providing for the Discharge of Obligations


1. The General Provisions

Article 329. The Ways of Providing for the Discharge of Obligations

2. The Forfeit

Article 330. The Concept of the Forfeit
Article 331. The Form of the Agreement on the Forfeit
Article 332. The Legal Forfeit
Article 333. The Reduction of the Forfeit

3. The Pledge

Article 334. The Concept and the Grounds for the Pledge to Arise
Article 335. The Pledger
Article 336. The Object of Pledge
Article 337. The Claim, Secured Against by the Pledge
Article 338. The Pledge Without and With the Transfer of the Pledged Property to the Pledgee
Article 339. The Contract on the Pledge, Its Form and Registration
Article 340. The Property, to Which the Pledgee's Rights Shall Be Extended
Article 341. Arising of the Right of Pledge
Article 342. The Subsequent Pledge
Article 343. The Content and the Security of the Pledged Property
Article 344. The Consequences of the Loss or the Damage of the Pledged Property
Article 345. The Replacement and Restoration of the Object of Pledge
Article 346. The Use and Disposal of the Object of Pledge
Article 347. The Pledgee's Protection of His Rights to the Object of Pledge
Article 348. The Grounds for Turning the Penalty onto the Pledged Property
Article 349. Procedure for Turning the Penalty onto the Pledged Property
Article 350. Realization of the Pledged Property
Article 351. Advanced Discharge of the Obligation, Secured Against by the Pledge and Turning of the Obligation onto the Pledged Property
Article 352. Termination of the Pledge
Article 353. Maintaining the Pledge in Force When the Right to the Pledged Property Is Transferred to Another Person
Article 354. The Consequences of the Forcible Withdrawal of the Pledged Property
Article 355. The Cession of the Rights by the Contract of Pledge
Article 356. Transfer of the Debt by the Obligation, Secured Against by the Pledge
Article 357. The Pledge of Commodities in Circulation
Article 358. Pawning of Things at the Pawn-Shop

4. The Retention

Article 359. The Grounds for the Retention
Article 360. Satisfaction of Claims at the Expense of the Retained Property

5. The Surety

Article 361. The Contract of Surety
Article 362. The Form of the Contract of Surety
Article 363. Responsibility of the Surety
Article 364. The Right of the Surety to Object to the Creditor's Claim
Article 365. The Rights of the Surety, Who Has Discharged the Obligation
Article 366. Notification of the Surety on the Debtor's Discharge of the Obligation
Article 367. Termination of the Obligation

6. The Bank Guarantee

Article 368. The Concept of the Bank Guarantee
Article 369. Security by the Bank Guarantee of the Principal's Obligation
Article 370. Independence of the Bank Guarantee from the Principal Obligation
Article 371. Irrevocability of the Bank Guarantee
Article 372. Untransferability of the Rights by the Bank Guarantee
Article 373. The Coming of the Bank Guarantee in Force
Article 374. Presentation of the Claim by the Bank Guarantee
Article 375. The Guarantor's Obligations in Considering the Beneficiary's Claim
Article 376. The Guarantor's Refusal to Satisfy the Beneficiary's Claim
Article 377. The Limits of the Guarantor's Obligation
Article 378. Termination of the Bank Guarantee
Article 379. The Guarantor's Claims of Regress to the Principal

7. The Advance

Article 380. The Concept of the Advance. The Form of an Agreement on the Advance
Article 381. The Consequences of the Termination and of the Non-Discharge of the Obligation, Secured Against by the Advance

Chapter 24 The Substitution of Persons in an Obligation


1. The Transfer of the Creditor's Rights to Another Person

Article 382. The Grounds and the Order of the Transfer of the Creditor's Rights to Another Person
Article 383. The Rights, Which May not Be Passed to the Other Persons
Article 384. The Scope of the Creditor's Rights, Transferred to the Other Person
Article 385. The Proofs of the Rights of the New Creditor
Article 386. The Debtor's Objections to the New Creditor's Claim
Article 387. The Transfer of the Creditor's Rights to the Other Person on the Grounds of the Law
Article 388. The Terms for Ceding the Claim
Article 389. The Form of Ceding the Claim
Article 390. Responsibility of the Creditor, Who Has Ceded the Claim

2. The Transfer of the Debt

Article 391. The Terms and the Form of the Transfer of the Debt
Article 392. Objections of the New Debtor Against the Creditor's Claim

Chapter 25 Responsibility for the Violation of Obligations


Article 393. The Debtor's Obligation to Recompense the Losses
Article 394. The Losses and the Forfeit
Article 395. Responsibility for the Non-Discharge of the Pecuniary Obligation
Article 396. Responsibility and the Discharge of Obligations in Kind
Article 397. Discharge of the Obligation at the Debtor's Expense
Article 398. The Consequences of the Non-discharge of the Obligation to Transfer an Individually-definite Thing
Article 399. The Subsidiary Liability
Article 400. Limitation of the Scope of Liability by Obligations
Article 401. The Grounds of Responsibility for the Violation of the Obligation
Article 402. The Debtor's Responsibility for His Employees
Article 403. The Debtor's Responsibility for the Actions of the Third Persons
Article 404. The Creditor's Guilt
Article 405. The Debtor's Delay
Article 406. The Creditor's Delay

Chapter 26 The Termination of Obligations


Article 407. The Grounds for the Termination of Obligations
Article 408. The Termination of the Obligation by the Discharge
Article 409. The Indemnity
Article 410. Termination of the Obligation by an Offset
Article 411. The Cases of the Offset Being Inadmissible
Article 412. The Offset in the Cession of the Claim
Article 413. Termination of the Obligation by the Debtor and the Creditor Coinciding in One Person
Article 414. Termination of the Obligation by the Novation
Article 415. Forgiving the Debt
Article 416. Termination of the Obligation Because of the Impossibility to Discharge It
Article 417. Termination of the Obligation on the Grounds of an Act, Issued by the State Body
Article 418. Termination of the Obligation with the Citizen's Death
Article 419. Termination of the Obligation with the Liquidation of the Legal Entity

Subsection 2 The General Provisions on the Contract

Chapter 27 The Concept and the Terms of the Contract


Article 420. The Concept of the Contract
Article 421. The Freedom of the Contract
Article 422. The Contract and the Law
Article 423. The Pecuniary and the Gratuitous Contracts
Article 424. The Price
Article 425. The Operation of the Contract
Article 426. The Public Contract
Article 427. The Model Contract Rules
Article 428. The Contract of Affiliation
Article 429. The Preliminary Contract
Article 430. The Contract in Favour of the Third Person
Article 431. The Interpretation of the Contract

Chapter 28 The Conclusion of the Contract


Article 432. The Basic Provisions on the Conclusion of a Contract
Article 433. The Moment of the Conclusion of the Contract
Article 434. The Form of the Contract
Article 435. The Offer
Article 436. The Irrevocability of the Offer
Article 437. The Invitation to Make the Offers. The Public Offer
Article 438. The Acceptance
Article 439. Recall of the Offer
Article 440. Conclusion of the Contract on the Ground of the Offer, Fixing the Term of Acceptance
Article 441. Conclusion of the Contract on the Ground of the Offer, Not Fixing the Term of Acceptance
Article 442. The Acceptance, Obtained with a Delay
Article 443. The Acceptance on the Other Terms
Article 444. The Place of the Conclusion of the Contract
Article 445. The Obligatory Conclusion of the Contract
Article 446. The Pre-Contract Disputes
Article 447. Conclusion of the Contract by a Tender
Article 448. The Organization and the Order of Holding the Sales
Article 449. The Consequences of Violation of the Rules for Holding the Sale

Chapter 29 The Amendment and the Cancellation of the Contract


Article 450. The Grounds for the Amendment and the Cancellation of the Contract
Article 451. The Amendment and the Cancellation of the Contract Because of an Essential Change of Circumstances
Article 452. The Procedure for the Amendment and the Cancellation of the Contract
Article 453. The Consequences of the Amendment and of the Cancellation of the Contract

Part II Two

Section IV Particular Kinds of Obligations

Chapter 30 Purchase and Sale


1. General Provisions on Purchase and Sale

Article 454. Contract of Sale
Article 455. The Condition of the Contract about Goods
Article 456. The Duties of the Seller for the Transfer of Goods
Article 457. The Term of the Execution of the Duty to Transfer Goods
Article 458. The Time of the Discharge of the Seller's Duty to Hand over Goods
Article 459. The Transfer of the Risk of Accidental Destruction of Goods
Article 460. The Duty of the Seller to Hand Over Goods Free from the Rights of Third Persons
Article 461. The Liability of the Seller in Case of the Withdrawal of Goods from the Buyer
Article 462. The Duties of the Buyer and the Seller in Case of Bringing an Action About the Withdrawal of Goods
Article 463. The Consequences of the Non-execution of the Duty to Hand Over Goods
Article 464. The Consequences of the Non-execution of the Duty to Pass Accessories and Documents Relating to Goods
Article 465. The Quantity of Goods
Article 466. The Consequences of the Breach of the Condition for the Quantity of Goods
Article 467. Assortment of Goods
Article 468. The Consequences of Breaking the Condition of Goods Assortment
Article 469. The Quality of Goods
Article 470. The Guarantee of the Quality of Goods
Article 471. The Reckoning of the Guarantee Period
Article 472. The Serviceable Life of Goods
Article 473. The Reckoning of the Serviceable Life of Goods
Article 474. Quality Inspection
Article 475. The Consequences of the Transfer of Goods of Improper Quality
Article 476. Defects of Goods for Which the Seller Is Responsible
Article 477. Time-limits of Discovery of Defects in Transferred Goods
Article 478. Complete Sets of Goods
Article 479. A Set of Goods
Article 480. The Consequences of the Transfer of Incomplete Sets of Goods
Article 481. Tare and Packaging
Article 482. The Consequences of the Transfer of Goods Without Tare and/or Packaging or in Improper Tare and/or Packaging
Article 483. The Notification of the Seller about the Improper Execution of the Contract of Sale
Article 484. The Duty of the Buyer to Accept Goods
Article 485. The Price of Goods
Article 486. The Payment for Goods
Article 487. The Tentative Payment for Goods
Article 488. Payment for Goods Sold on Credit
Article 489. Payment for Goods by Instalment
Article 490. Insurance of Goods
Article 491. The Preservation of the Right of Property for the Seller

2. Retail Sale

Article 492. The Contract of Retail Sale
Article 493. The Form of the Contract of Retail Sale
Article 494. The Public Offer of Goods
Article 495. The Presentation of Information about Goods to the Buyer
Article 496. The Sale of Goods with the Proviso That the Buyer Accepts Them Within the Fixed Period of Time
Article 497. The Sale of Goods by Sample
Article 498. The Sale of Goods with the Use of Vending Machines
Article 499. The Sale of Goods with the Proviso of Their Delivery to the Buyer
Article 500. The Price and Payment for Goods
Article 501. The Contract of Hire and Sale
Article 502. Exchange of Goods
Article 503. The Right of the Buyer in Case of Sale to Him of Goods of Improper Quality
Article 504. Compensation for the Difference in Price When Goods Are Replaced, the Purchase Price Is Reduced and Goods of Improper Quality Are Returned
Article 505. The Liability of the Seller and the Fulfillment of the Obligation in Kind

3. Delivery of Goods

Article 506. Contract for Delivery
Article 507. Settlement of Disagreements During the Conclusion of the Contract for Delivery
Article 508. Periods of Delivery of Goods
Article 509. The Procedure for Delivery of Goods
Article 510. Delivery of Goods
Article 511. The Replenishment of Short Delivery of Goods
Article 512. Assortment of Goods in Case of Replenishing Short Deliveries
Article 513. The Acceptance of Goods by the Buyer
Article 514. Safekeeping of Goods Which Have Not Been Accepted by the Buyer
Article 515. The Sampling of Goods
Article 516. Payment for Delivered Goods
Article 517. Tare and Packaging
Article 518. The Consequences of the Delivery of Goods of Improper Quality
Article 519. The Consequences of the Delivery of Incomplete Goods
Article 520. The Rights of the Buyer in Case of Short Delivery of Goods, the Non-fulfilment of the Requirements for the Removal of Defects of Goods or of Completing Goods
Article 521. Penalty for Short Delivery or Delay in Delivery of Goods
Article 522. Cancellation of Similar Liabilities under Several Contracts for Delivery
Article 523. Unilateral Waiver of the Execution of the Contract for Delivery
Article 524. The Reckoning of Losses in Case of the Cancellation of the Contract

4. Delivery of Goods for State Needs

Article 525. The Grounds for the Delivery of Goods for State Needs
Article 526. The State Contract for the Delivery of Goods for State Needs
Article 527. The Grounds for the Conclusion of State Contracts
Article 528. Procedure for the Conclusion of State Contracts
Article 529. The Conclusion of a Contract for Delivery of Goods for State Needs
Article 530. The Buyer's Refusal to Conclude a Contract for the Delivery of Goods for State Needs
Article 531. The Execution of the State Contract
Article 532. Payment for Goods Under the Contract for the Delivery of Goods for State Needs
Article 533. Compensation for Losses Caused in Connection with the Execution or Dissolution of a State Contract
Article 534. The Rejection by the State Customer of Goods Delivered Under the State Contract

5. Sale of Agricultural Produce

Article 535. Contract of Sale of Agricultural Produce
Article 536. The Duties of the Purveyor
Article 537. The Duty of the Producer of Farm Products
Article 538. The Liability of the Producer of Farm Products

6. Power Supply

Article 539. The Contract of Power Supply
Article 540. The Conclusion and Prolongation of the Contract of Power Supply
Article 541. The Quantity of Power
Article 542. The Quality of Power
Article 543. The Duties of the Buyer to Maintain and Operate Networks, Instruments and Equipment
Article 544. Payment for Power
Article 545. The Subuser
Article 546. The Modification and Cancellation of the Contract of Power Supply
Article 547. Liability Under the Contract of Power Supply
Article 548. The Application of the Rules for Power Supply to Other Contracts

7. The Sale of Real Estate

Article 549. The Contract of Sale of Real Estate
Article 550. The Form of the Contract of Sale of Real Estate
Article 551. State Registration of the Transfer the Title to Real Estate
Article 552. The Rights to the Land Plot in Case of Sale of the Building, Structure or Other Immovables Located on It
Article 553. The Rights to Real Estate in Case of Sale of a Land Plot
Article 554. The Definition of the Subject-matter in the Contract of Sale of Real Estate
Article 555. Price in the Contract of Sale of Real Estate
Article 556. The Transfer of Real Estate
Article 557. The Consequences of the Transfer of Real Estate of Inadequate Quality
Article 558. Specific Aspects of the Sale of Living Accommodation

8. The Sale of Enterprises

Article 559. The Contract of Sale of the Enterprise
Article 560. The Form and the State Registration of the Contract of Sale of the Enterprise
Article 561. Certification of the Structure of the Enterprise to Be Sold
Article 562. The Rights of Creditors in the Sale of the Enterprise
Article 563. The Transfer of the Enterprise
Article 564. The Transfer of the Title to the Enterprise
Article 565. The Consequences of the Transfer and Acceptance of the Enterprise with Shortcomings
Article 566. The Application to the Contract of Sale of the Enterprise of the Rules for the Consequences of the Invalidation of Transactions and for the Change or Dissolution of the Contract

Chapter 31 Barter


Article 567. Barter Contract
Article 568. Prices and Expenses Under the Barter Contract
Article 569. The Reciprocal Fulfilment of the Obligation of Turning Over Goods Under the Barter Contract
Article 570. The Transfer of the Title to Exchanged Goods
Article 571. Liability for the Withdrawal of Goods Acquired Under the Barter Contract

Chapter 32 Donation


Article 572. Donation Contract
Article 573. The Donee's Refusal to Accept the Gift
Article 574. The Form of the Donation Contract
Article 575. Ban of Donation
Article 576. The Restriction of Donation
Article 577. The Refusal to Execute the Donation Contract
Article 578. The Revocation of Donation
Article 579. Cases in Which the Refusal to Execute the Donation Contract and the Revocation of Donation Are Impossible
Article 580. The Consequences of the Infliction of Damage Owing to the Defects of the Gift
Article 581. Legal Succession in Case of a Promise of Donation
Article 582. Endowment

Chapter 33 Rent and Life Maintenance with Dependence


1. General Provisions on Rent and Life Maintenance with Dependence

Article 583. The Rent Contract
Article 584. The Form of the Rent Contract
Article 585. Alienation of Property on Rent Disbursement
Article 586. Encumbrance of Real Estate with Rent
Article 587. Security for Rent Payment
Article 588. Liability for Delayed Rent Payment

2. Permanent Rent

Article 589. Permanent Rent Recipient
Article 590. The Form and Amount of Permanent Rent
Article 591. The Dates of Permanent Rent Payment
Article 592. The Payer's Right to Permanent Rent Redemption
Article 593. The Redemption of Permanent Rent on the Demand of the Rent Recipient
Article 594. Redemption Price of Permanent Rent
Article 595. Risk of Accidental Destruction of Property Transferred on Payment of Permanent Rent

3. Life Annuity

Article 596. Life Annuity Recipient
Article 597. The Amount of Life Annuity
Article 598. Dates of Payment of Life Annuity
Article 599. The Cancellation of the Life Annuity Contract on the Demand of the Rent Recipient
Article 600. Risk of Accidental Destruction of Property Transferred in Payment for Life Annuity

4. Life Maintenance with Dependency

Article 601. The Contract of Life Maintenance with Dependency
Article 602. The Duty of Providing Maintenance with Dependency
Article 603. Replacement of Life Maintenance by Periodical Payments
Article 604. Alienation and Use of Property Transferred for Life Maintenance
Article 605. The Termination of Life Maintenance with Dependency

Chapter 34 Lease


1. General Provisions on Lease

Article 606. Lease Agreement
Article 607. Objects of Lease
Article 608. Lessor
Article 609. The Form and State Registration of the Lease Agreement
Article 610. The Validity Term of the Lease Agreement
Article 611. The Supply of Property to the Leaseholder
Article 612. The Liability of the Lessor for Defects of the Leased Property
Article 613. The Rights of Third Parties to the Leased Property
Article 614. Rental Payment
Article 615. The Use of Leased Property
Article 616. The Duty of the Parties to Maintain Leased Property
Article 617. The Preservation of the Lease Agreement in Force in Case of the Change of the Parties Thereto
Article 618. The Termination of the Sublease Contract in Case of the Anticipatory Cessation of the Lease Agreement
Article 619. Early Rescission of the Lease Agreement on Demand of the Lessor
Article 620. The Anticipatory Dissolution of the Lease Agreement on the Demand of the Leaseholder
Article 621. The Leaseholder's Preferential Right to Conclude a Lease Agreement for a New Term
Article 622. The Return of Leased Property to the Lessor
Article 623. Improvements of Leased Property
Article 624. Redemption of Leased Property
Article 625. Specific Aspects of Particular Types of Lease and Lease of Particular Kinds of Property

2. Hire

Article 626. The Hire Contract
Article 627. The Term of the Hire Contract
Article 628. The Granting of Property to the Leaseholder
Article 629. Removal of Defects of Leased Property
Article 630. Rental Payment Under the Hire Contract
Article 631. The Use of Leased Property

3. Lease of Transport Vehicles

__ 1. Lease of a Transport Vehicle with the Provision of Services for Driving and Technical Operation

Article 632. The Agreement of Lease of a Transport Vehicle with Its Crew
Article 633. The Form of the Agreement of Lease of a Transport Vehicle with Its Crew
Article 634. The Duty of the Lessor to Maintain a Transport Vehicle
Article 635. The Duty of the Lessor to Drive and Operate a Transport Vehicle
Article 636. The Duty of the Leaseholder to Pay Expenses Incurred in the Commercial Exploitation of a Transport Vehicle
Article 637. Insurance of a Transport Vehicle
Article 638. Agreements with Third Parties on the Use of a Transport Vehicle
Article 639. Liability for the Harm Caused to a Transport Vehicle
Article 640. Liability for the Harm Caused by a Transport Vehicle
Article 641. Specific Aspects of Transport Vehicles of Particular Types

__ 2. The Lease of a Transport Vehicle Without Driving and Technical Operation Services

Article 642. The Agreement of Lease of a Transport Vehicle without a Crew
Article 643. The Form of the Agreement of Lease of a Transport Vehicle Without a Crew
Article 644. The Lessor's Duty of Maintaining a Transport Vehicle
Article 645. The Leaseholder's Duty of Driving a Transport Vehicle and Operating It
Article 646. The Leaseholder's Duty of Paying the Expenses Incurred in the Maintenance of a Transport Vehicle
Article 647. Contracts with Third Persons on the Use of a Transport Vehicle
Article 648. Liability for the Harm Inflicted by a Transport Vehicle
Article 649. Specific Aspects of the Lease of Transport Vehicles of Particular Types

4. The Lease of Buildings and Structures

Article 650. The Contract of Lease of a Building or Structure
Article 651. The Form and State Registration of the Contract of Lease of a Building or Structure
Article 652. The Rights to the Land Plot with the Leased Building or Structure
Article 653. The Preservation by the Tenant of the Building or Structure of the Use of the Land Plot in Case of Its Sale
Article 654. The Amount of the Rental Payment
Article 655. The Transfer of the Building or Structure

5. The Lease of Enterprises

Article 656. The Contract of Lease of the Enterprise
Article 657. The Rights of Creditors in Case of the Lease of an Enterprise
Article 658. The Form and State Registration of the Contract of Lease of an Enterprise
Article 659. The Transfer of the Leased Enterprise
Article 660. The Use of the Property of the Leased Enterprise
Article 661. The Leaseholder's Duties of Maintaining the Enterprise and Disbursing Expenses on Its Operation
Article 662. The Introduction of Improvements to the Leased Enterprise by the Leaseholder
Article 663. The Application of the Rules for the Consequences of the Invalidity of Transactions and for the Alteration and Dissolution of Contracts to the Contract of Lease of the Enterprise
Article 664. The Return of the Leased Enterprise

6. Financial Lease (Leasing)

Article 665. The Contract of Financial Lease
Article 666. The Subject of the Contract of Financial Lease
Article 667. The Notification of the Seller about the Lease of Property
Article 668. The Transfer of the Subject of the Contract of Financial Lease to the Leaseholder
Article 669. The Transfer of the Risk of Accidental Destruction of, or Accidental Damage to, Property to the Leaseholder
Article 670. Liability of the Seller

Chapter 35 The Renting of Living Accommodation


Article 671. The Contract of Renting Living Accommodation
Article 672. The Contract of Renting Living Accommodation in the State and Municipal Housing Stock of Social Use
Article 673. The Object of the Contract of Renting Living Accommodation
Article 674. The Form of the Contract of Renting Living Accommodation
Article 675. The Preservation of the Contract of Renting Living Accommodation When the Right of Ownership of Living Quarters Is Transferred
Article 676. The Obligations of the Renter of Living Quarters
Article 677. The Tenant and Individuals Permanently Residing with Him
Article 678. The Obligations of the Tenant of Living Quarters
Article 679. The Moving-in of Individuals Permanently Residing with the Tenant
Article 680. Temporary Lodgers
Article 681. Repairs of the Leased Living Quarters
Article 682. Payment for Living Quarters
Article 683. The Time-limit in the Contract of Renting Living Accommodation
Article 684. The Preferential Right of the Tenant to Conclude a Contract for a New Term
Article 685. Sustenance of Living Quarters
Article 686. The Replacement of the Tenant in the Contract of Renting Living Accommodation
Article 687. The Dissolution of the Contract of Renting Living Quarters
Article 688. The Consequences of the Dissolution of the Contract of Renting Living Accommodation

Chapter 36 Gratuitous Use


Article 689. Contract for Gratuitous Use
Article 690. The Lender
Article 691. The Giving of a Thing in Gratuitous Use
Article 692. The Consequences of Failure to Give a Thing in Gratuitous Use
Article 693. Liability for the Defects of the Thing Given for Gratuitous Use
Article 694. The Rights of Third Persons to the Thing Transferred for Gratuitous Use
Article 695. The Obligation of the Borrower to Maintain a Thing
Article 696. The Risk of Accidental Destruction of, or Accidental Damage to, the Thing
Article 697. Liability for the Harm Inflicted on the Third Person As a Result of the Use of a Thing
Article 698. The Cancellation of the Contract for Gratuitous Use Short of the Term
Article 699. Repudiation of the Contract for Gratuitous Use
Article 700. The Change of the Parties to the Contract for Gratuitous Use
Article 701. The Termination of the Contract for Gratuitous Use

Chapter 37 Contract of Hiring Work


1. General Provisions on Contract of Hiring Work

Article 702. Contract of Work and Labour
Article 703. Works Performed Under the Contract of Work and Labour
Article 704. Performance of Work by the Contractor's Maintenance
Article 705. The Distribution of Risks Between the Parties
Article 706. The General Contractor and the Subcontractor
Article 707. The Participation of Several Persons in the Performance of Work
Article 708. The Dates of the Performance of the Work
Article 709. The Price of the Work
Article 710. The Saving of the Contractor
Article 711. Procedure of the Payment for the Work
Article 712. The Contractor's Right to Retention
Article 713. The Performance of the Work with the Use of the Customer's Material
Article 714. The Contractor's Liability for the Non-safety of Property Supplied by the Contractor
Article 715. The Rights of the Customer During the Performance of the Work by the Contractor
Article 716. The Circumstances About Which the Contractor Shall Be Obliged to Warn the Customer
Article 717. The Customer's Refusal to Execute the Work and Labour Contract
Article 718. The Customer's Assistance
Article 719. Default on the Customer's Reciprocal Obligations Under the Work and Labour Contract
Article 720. The Acceptance by the Customer of the Work Fulfilled by the Contractor
Article 721. The Quality of the Work
Article 722. The Guarantee of the Quality of the Work
Article 723. The Contractor's Liability for Improper Quality of the Work
Article 724. The Terms of Discovery of the Result of the Work of Improper Value
Article 725. The Statute of Limitation for the Improper Quality of the Work
Article 726. The Duty of the Contractor to Transfer Information to the Customer
Article 727. The Confidentiality of Information Received by the Parties
Article 728. The Return by the Contractor of the Property Transferred by the Customer
Article 729. The Consequences of the Termination of the Work and Labour Contract Before the Acceptance of the Result of the Work

2. The Domestic Contract

Article 730. The Domestic Contract
Article 731. The Guarantees of the Customer's Rights
Article 732. The Provision to the Customer of Information about the Offered Work
Article 733. The Performance of the Work from the Contractor's Material
Article 734. The Fulfilment of the Work from the Customer's Materials
Article 735. The Price and Payment for the Work
Article 736. The Warning by the Customer about the Conditions of the Use of the Fulfilled Work
Article 737. The Consequences of the Discovery of Shortcomings in the Fulfilled Work
Article 738. The Consequences of the Customer's Failure to Appear to Receive the Result of the Work
Article 739. The Customer's Rights in Case of Improper Fulfilment or Non-fulfilment of the Work under the Domestic Contract

3. The Building Contract

Article 740. The Building Contract
Article 741. The Allocation of Risk Between the Parties
Article 742. The Insurance of the Building Project
Article 743. Technical Documentation and the Estimate
Article 744. Introduction of Changes to Technical Documentation
Article 745. The Supply of Project Construction with Materials and Equipment
Article 746. The Payment for Works to Be Done
Article 747. The Customer's Additional Obligations under the Building Contract
Article 748. Control and Supervision by the Customer over the Performance of Works Under the Building Contract
Article 749. The Participation of an Engineer (Engineering Organization) in the Exercise of the Rights and in the Discharge of the Obligations of the Customer
Article 750. Cooperation of the Parties to the Building Contract
Article 751. The Contractor's Obligations of Protecting the Environment and of Providing Safety for Building Works
Article 752. The Consequences of the Laying-up of Project Construction
Article 753. The Delivery-Acceptance of Works
Article 754. The Contractor's Liability for the Quality of Works
Article 755. Guarantees of Quality in the Building Contract
Article 756. The Time-limits of Discovery of the Improper Quality of Building Works
Article 757. Elimination of Defects at the Expense of the Customer

4. Contract for Design and Survey Works

Article 758. Contract for Design and Survey Works
Article 759. Initial Data for the Performance of Design and Survey Works
Article 760. The Contractor's Obligations
Article 761. The Contractor's Liability for the Improper Performance of Design and Survey Works
Article 762. The Customer's Obligations

5. Contract Works for State Needs

Article 763. The State Contract for the Performance of Contract Works to Meet State Needs
Article 764. The Parties to the State Contract
Article 765. The Grounds and Procedure for the Conclusion of a State Contract
Article 766. The Contents of the State Contract
Article 767. Changes in the State Contract
Article 768. Legal Regulation of the State Contract

Chapter 38 Performance of Research and Development and Technological Works


Article 769. Contracts for the Performance of Research and Development and Technological Works
Article 770. The Performance of Works
Article 771. The Confidentiality of Information Which Constitutes the Subject of the Contract
Article 772. The Rights of the Parties to the Results of the Works
Article 773. The Executor's Obligations
Article 774. The Customer's Obligations
Article 775. The Consequences of the Impossible Attainment of Results of Scientific Research Works
Article 776. The Consequences of the Impossible Continuation of Research and Development and Technological Works
Article 777. The Liability of the Executor for the Breach of a Contract
Article 778. Legal Regulation of the Contracts for the Performance of Research and Development and Technological Works

Chapter 39 The Repayable Rendering of Services


Article 779. The Contract for the Repayable Rendering of Services
Article 780. The Execution of the Contract for the Repayable Rendering of Services
Article 781. Payment for Services
Article 782. The Unilateral Refusal to Execute the Contract for the Repayable Rendering of Services
Article 783. The Legal Regulations of the Contract for the Repayable Rendering of Services

Chapter 40 Carriage


Article 784. General Provisions on Carriage
Article 785. The Contract of Carriage of Cargo
Article 786. The Contract of Carriage of the Passenger
Article 787. The Freight Contract
Article 788. Through Mixed Traffic
Article 789. Carriage by Public Transport
Article 790. Payment for Carriage
Article 791. The Supply of Transport Vehicles, the Loading and Unloading of Cargo
Article 792. Time-limits for the Delivery of Cargo, Passengers and Baggage
Article 793. Liability for Breaking the Obligations of Carriage
Article 794. The Carrier's Liability for Failure to Drive up Transport Vehicles and the Consignor's Liability for Non-use of Driven-up Transport Vehicles
Article 795. The Liability of the Carrier for the Delayed Dispatch of the Passenger
Article 796. The Liability of the Carrier for the Loss and Short Delivery of, and Damage to, Cargo or Baggage
Article 797. Claims and Suits in the Carriage of Cargoes
Article 798. Contracts for the Organization of the Carriage of Cargo
Article 799. Contracts Concluded Between Transport Organizations
Article 800. The Carrier's Liability for the Infliction of Harm to the Life and Health of a Passenger

Chapter 41 Transport Forwarding


Article 801. Contract of Transport Forwarding
Article 802. The Form of the Contract of Transport Forwarding
Article 803. The Liability of the Forwarding Agent under the Contract of Transport Forwarding
Article 804. Documents and Other Information Submitted to the Forwarding Agent
Article 805. The Discharge of the Forwarding Agent's Obligations by a Third Person
Article 806. Unilateral Refusal to Execute the Contract of Transport Forwarding

Chapter 42 Loans and Credits


1. Loans

Article 807. The Loan Agreement
Article 808. The Form of the Loan Agreement
Article 809. Interest Under the Loan Agreement
Article 810. The Borrower's Obligation to Return the Loan Agreement
Article 811. The Consequences of Breaking the Loan Agreement by the Borrower
Article 812. The Contesting of a Loan Agreement
Article 813. The Consequences of the Loss of the Security of the Borrower's Obligations
Article 814. Special-purpose Loan
Article 815. The Bill
Article 816. The Bond
Article 817. The State Loan Agreement
Article 818. Novation of a Debt by Its Acknowledgment

2. Credit

Article 819. The Credit Agreement
Article 820. The Form of the Credit Agreement
Article 821. The Refusal to Grant or Receive Credit

3. Credit Against Goods and Commercial Credit

Article 822. Credit Against Goods
Article 823. Commercial Credit

Chapter 43 Financing Against the Assignment of a Monetary Claim


Article 824. The Contract of Financing Against the Assignment of a Monetary Claim
Article 825. The Financial Agent
Article 826. A Monetary Claim Assigned for Financing Purposes
Article 827. The Client's Liability to the Financial Agent
Article 828. Invalidity of the Ban on the Assignment of a Monetary Claim
Article 829. The Subsequent Assignment of a Monetary Claim
Article 830. The Execution of a Monetary Claim by the Debtor to the Financial Agent
Article 831. The Rights of the Financial Agent to the Amounts Received from the Debtor
Article 832. Counter Claims of the Debtor
Article 833. The Return to the Debtor of the Amounts Received by the Financial Agent

Chapter 44 Bank Deposit


Article 834. The Bank Deposit Agreement
Article 835. The Right of Attraction of Monetary Means for Making Deposits
Article 836. The Form of the Bank Deposit Agreement
Article 837. Types of Deposits
Article 838. Interest on Deposits
Article 839. Procedure for Adding Interest on Deposits and Its Payment
Article 840. Security for the Return of a Deposit
Article 841. The Placement of Monetary Means by Third Persons on the Depositor's Account
Article 842. Deposits in Favour of Third Persons
Article 843. The Savings Book
Article 844. The Savings (Deposit) Certificate

Chapter 45 Bank Account


Article 845. The Bank Account Agreement
Article 846. The Conclusion of a Bank Account Agreement
Article 847. The Certification of the Right to Dispose of Cash Placed on the Account
Article 848. Bank Operations with Accounts
Article 849. Time-limits for Operations with Accounts
Article 850. Account Crediting
Article 851. The Payment of Banking Expenses on Operations with Accounts
Article 852. Interest Paid by the Bank for the Use of Cash on Accounts
Article 853. The Offsetting of the Counter Claims of the Bank and the Client
Article 854. The Grounds for Writing off Cash from the Account
Article 855. The Sequence of Writing off Cash from the Account
Article 856. The Bank's Liability for Improper Performance of Operations with the Account
Article 857. The Bank Secrecy
Article 858. Restriction on the Disposal of Accounts
Article 859. The Dissolution of a Bank Account Agreement
Article 860. Bank Accounts

Chapter 46 Payments


1. General Provisions on Payments

Article 861. Cash and Cashless Payments
Article 862. The Forms of Cashless Payments

2. Payments by Written Order

Article 863. General Provisions on Payments by Written Order
Article 864. The Conditions for the Execution of Payment Order by the Bank
Article 865. The Execution of the Payer's Order
Article 866. Liability for Non-fulfilment or Improper Fulfilment of the Client's Order

3. Payments by Letters of Credit

Article 867. General Provisions on Payments by a Letter of Credit
Article 868. The Revocable Letter of Credit
Article 869. The Irrevocable Letter of Credit
Article 870. The Execution of the Letter of Credit
Article 871. The Refusal to Accept Documents
Article 872. The Bank's Liability for Breaking the Terms of a Letter of Credit
Article 873. The Closing of the Letter of Credit

4. Payments for Collection

Article 874. General Provisions on Payments for Collection
Article 875. The Execution of a Collection Order
Article 876. Notice of Transactions Made

5. Payments by Cheques

Article 877. General Provisions on Payments by Cheques
Article 878. The Essential Elements of the Cheque
Article 879. Cheque Payment
Article 880. The Assignment of Rights by a Cheque
Article 881. Guarantee of Payment
Article 882. Collection of a Cheque
Article 883. Certification of the Refusal to Pay a Cheque
Article 884. Notification About the Non-payment of a Cheque
Article 885. The Consequences of Cheque Non-Payment

Chapter 47 Storage


1. General Provisions on Storage

Article 886. The Storage Agreement
Article 887. The Form of the Storage Agreement
Article 888. The Execution of the Obligation to Accept a Thing for Storage
Article 889. The Period of Storage
Article 890. The Storage of Things with Deprivation of Individuality
Article 891. The Depository's Obligation to Ensure the Safety of a Thing
Article 892. Use of the Thing Put in Storage
Article 893. Changes in the Conditions of Storage
Article 894. The Storage of Things with Hazardous Properties
Article 895. The Transfer of a Thing to a Third Person
Article 896. Remuneration for Storage
Article 897. The Reimbursement of Storage Expenses
Article 898. Extraordinary Storage Expenses
Article 899. The Depositor's Obligation to Take a Thing Back
Article 900. The Depository's Obligation to Return a Thing
Article 901. Grounds for the Depository's Liability
Article 902. The Extent of the Depository's Liability
Article 903. The Reparation of Losses Caused to the Depository
Article 904. The Termination of Storage on the Depositor's Demand
Article 905. The Application of the General Provisions on Storage to Some of Its Kinds
Article 906. Storage in Virtue of Law

2. Warehousing

Article 907. Warehouse Storage Agreement
Article 908. Storage of Goods at the Public Warehouse
Article 909. Inspection of Goods When the Commodity Warehouse Accepts Them and During Their Storage
Article 910. Changes in the Conditions of Storage and the State of Goods
Article 911. The Checking of the Quantity and the State of Goods When They Are Returned to the Commodity Owner
Article 912. Warehouse Documents
Article 913. The Twofold Warehouse Certificate
Article 914. The Rights of the Holders of the Warehouse and Mortgage Certificates
Article 915. The Transfer of Warehouse and Mortgage Certificates
Article 916. The Issue of Goods under the Two-fold Warehouse Certificate
Article 917. The Simple Warehouse Certificate
Article 918. The Storage of Things with the Right to Dispose of Them

3. Special Kinds of Storage

Article 919. Storage in a Pawnshop
Article 920. Things Not Reclaimed from the Pawnshop
Article 921. The Custody of Valuables in a Bank
Article 922. The Custody of Valuables in the Individual Bank Safe-deposit Box
Article 923. Storage in Cloak-Rooms of Transport Organizations
Article 924. Storage in the Wardrobes of Organizations
Article 925. The Custody of Things in Hotels
Article 926. The Custody of Things Which Are the Subject of Disputes (Sequestration)

Chapter 48 Insurance


Article 927. Voluntary and Obligatory Insurance
Article 928. Interests Whose Insurance Is Not Allowed
Article 929. The Contract of Property Insurance
Article 930. Insurance of Property
Article 931. Insurance of Liability for the Infliction of Harm
Article 932. Insurance of Liability under the Contract
Article 933. Insurance of Entrepreneurial Risk
Article 934. The Contract of Personal Insurance
Article 935. Obligatory Insurance
Article 936. The Conduct of Obligatory Insurance
Article 937. The Consequences of the Violation of the Rules for Obligatory Insurance
Article 938. The Insurer
Article 939. The Performance of he Obligations under the Insurance Contract by the Insurant and the Beneficiary
Article 940. The Form of the Insurance Contract
Article 941. Insurance Under the General Policy
Article 942. The Essential Terms and Conditions of the Insurance Contract
Article 943. The Definition of the Terms and Conditions of the Insurance Contract in the Insurance Rules
Article 944. Information Given by the Insurant During the Conclusion of an Insurance Contract
Article 945. The Insurer's Right to the Appraisal of Insurance Risk
Article 946. Secrecy of Insurance
Article 947. The Insurance Sum
Article 948. The Contestation of the Insured Value of Assets
Article 949. Incomplete Property Insurance
Article 950. Additional Property Insurance
Article 951. The Consequences of Insurance Over and Above the Insured Value
Article 952. Property Insurance Against Different Insurance Risks
Article 953. Coinsurance
Article 954. Insurance Premium and Insurance Instalments
Article 955. Replacement of the Insured Person
Article 956. The Replacement of the Beneficiary
Article 957. The Beginning of the Validity of the Insurance Contract
Article 958. The Termination of an Insurance Contract Short of the Term
Article 959. The Consequences of Increased Insurance Risk During the Validity Term of the Insurance Contract
Article 960. The Assignment of the Rights to Insured Property to Another Person
Article 961. The Notification of the Insurer about the Onset of an Insured Accident
Article 962. The Diminution of Losses from the Insured Accident
Article 963. The Consequences of the Onset of an Insured Accident Through the Fault of the Insurant, Beneficiary or the Insured Person
Article 964. The Grounds for the Release of the Insurer from the Payment of Insurance Compensation and the Insurance Sum
Article 965. The Assignment of the Insurant's Rights to Compensation for Damage to the Insurer (Subrogation)
Article 966. Limitation Period for Claims Related to Property Insurance
Article 967. Reinsurance
Article 968. Mutual Insurance
Article 969. Obligatory State Insurance
Article 970. The Application of General Rules for Insurance to Special Types of Insurance

Chapter 49 Agency


Article 971. Contract of Agency
Article 972. Remuneration of the Agent
Article 973. The Execution of Agency in Accordance with the Trustee's Instructions
Article 974. The Obligations of the Agent
Article 975. The Obligations of the Principal
Article 976. The Transference of the Execution of Agency
Article 977. The Termination of the Contract of Agency
Article 978. The Consequences of the Termination of the Contract of Agency
Article 979. The Obligations of the Heirs of the Agent and the Liquidator of the Legal Entity That Acts as an Agent

Chapter 50 Actions in the Interest of Other People Without Commission


Article 980. Terms for Actions in the Interest of Other People
Article 981. Notification of the Interested Person about Actions in His Interest
Article 982. The Consequences of the Approval by the Interested Person of Actions in His Interests
Article 983. The Consequences of the Non-approval by the Interested Person of Actions in His Interest
Article 984. Compensation for Losses for the Person Who Acted in the Interest of Other People
Article 985. Remuneration for Actions in the Interest of Other People
Article 986. The Consequences of a Transaction in the Interest of Other People
Article 987. Unjust Enrichment in Consequences of Actions in the Interest of Other People
Article 988. The Compensation for the Harm Inflicted by Actions in the Interest of Other People
Article 989. The Report of the Person Who Acted in the Interest of Other People

Chapter 51 Commission


Article 990. The Contract of Commission
Article 991. Commission Fee
Article 992. The Execution of a Commission Order
Article 993. Liability for the Non-execution of the Transaction Concluded for the Principal
Article 994. Subcommission
Article 995. Departures from the Principal's Instructions
Article 996. The Rights to the Things Which Are the Subject of Commission
Article 997. The Satisfaction of the Claims of the Commission Agent from the Sums of Money Due to the Principal
Article 998. The Liability of the Commission Agent for the Loss and Shortage of, or Damage to, the Principal's Property
Article 999. The Report by the Commission Agent
Article 1000. The Acceptance by the Principal of Everything Performed Under the Contract of Commission
Article 1001. Compensation for the Expenses to Be Incurred in the Execution of a Commission Order
Article 1002. The Termination of the Contract of Commission
Article 1003. The Revocation of a Commission Note by the Principal
Article 1004. The Refusal of the Commission Agent to Execute the Contract of Commission

Chapter 52 Agency Service


Article 1005. The Brokerage Contract
Article 1006. The Bonus of the Agent
Article 1007. The Restriction of the Rights of the Principal and the Agent by the Brokerage Contract
Article 1008. Reports by the Agent
Article 1009. The Sub-agency Contract
Article 1010. The Termination of the Brokerage Contract
Article 1011. The Application of the Rules for Contracts of Agency and Commission to the Relations of Agents

Chapter 53 Trust of Estate


Article 1012. The Contract of Trust of Estate
Article 1013. The Object of Trust
Article 1014. The Seller of Trust
Article 1015. The Trust Administrator
Article 1016. The Substantial Terms and Conditions of the Contract of Trust of Estate
Article 1017. The Form of the Contract of Trust of Estate
Article 1018. The Separation of Estate Held in Trust
Article 1019. The Transfer in Trust of Estate Encumbered with Pledge
Article 1020. The Rights and Obligations of the Trust Administrator
Article 1021. The Transfer of Trust of Estate
Article 1022. The Liability of the Trust Administrator
Article 1023. Remuneration for the Trust Administrator
Article 1024. The Termination of the Contract of Trust of Estate
Article 1025. The Transfer of Securities in Trust
Article 1026. Trust of Estate on the Grounds Stipulated by the Law

Chapter 54 The Commercial Concession


Article 1027. The Contract of the Commercial Concession
Article 1028. The Form and Registration of the Contract of the Commercial Concession
Article 1029. The Commercial Subconcession
Article 1030. Remuneration under the Contract of the Commercial Concession
Article 1031. The Obligations of the Right Holder
Article 1032. The User's Obligations
Article 1033. The Restrictions on the Rights of the Parties to the Contract of the Commercial Concession
Article 1034. The right Holder's Liability for Claims Presented to the User
Article 1035. The User's Right to Conclude a Contract of the Commercial Concession for a New Term
Article 1036. Changes in the Contract of the Commercial Concession
Article 1037. The Termination of the Contract of the Commercial Concession
Article 1038. The Validity of the Contract of the Commercial Concession in Case of the Change of the Parties
Article 1039. The Consequences of the Change of the Firm's Name or the Commercial Designation of the Right Holder
Article 1040. The Consequences of the Termination of the Exclusive Right the Enjoyment of Which Is Granted by the Contract of the Commercial Concession

Chapter 55 Particular Partnership


Article 1041. The Contract of Particular Partnership
Article 1042. Contributions by Partners
Article 1043. The Joint Assets of Partners
Article 1044. The Conduct of the Common Affairs of Partners
Article 1045. The Right of a Partner to Information
Article 1046. Common Expenses and Losses of Partners
Article 1047. The Liability of the Partners Under Common Obligations
Article 1048. The Distribution of Profit
Article 1049. The Allotment of a Partner's Share on the Demand of His Creditor
Article 1050. The Termination of the Contract of Particular Partnership
Article 1051. The Abandonment of the Contract of Particular Partnership of Unlimited Duration
Article 1052. The Cancellation of the Contract of Particular Partnership on the Demand of a Party Thereto
Article 1053. The Liability of the Partner in Respect of Whom the Contract of Particular Partnership Has Been Dissolved
Article 1054. Private Partnership

Chapter 56 Public Promise of a Reward


Article 1055. The Obligation to Pay a Reward
Article 1056. The Revocation of the Public Promise of a Reward

Chapter 57 Public Competition


Article 1057. The Organization of a Public Competition
Article 1058. Changes in the Terms of a Public Competition and Its Revocation
Article 1059. The Decision on the Payment of a Reward
Article 1060. The Use of the Works of Science, Literature and Art Awarded with Rewards
Article 1061. The Return of the Works to the Participants in a Public Competition

Chapter 58 Gaming and Betting


Article 1062. Claims Associated with the Organization of Games and Bets and the Participation in Them
Article 1063. The Holding of Lotteries, Totalizators and Other Games by State and Municipal Bodies or With Their Permit

Chapter 59 Liabilities for Damage


1. General Provisions in the Redress of Injury

Article 1064. General Grounds for Liability for Damage
Article 1065. Prevention of the Infliction of Injury
Article 1066. The Infliction of Injury in the State of Justifiable Defence
Article 1067. The Infliction of Injury in the State of Absolute Necessity
Article 1068. The Liability of a Legal Entity or an Individual for Injury Inflicted by the Employee
Article 1069. Liability for the Injury Inflicted by State and Local Self-government Bodies, and Also by Their Officials
Article 1070. Liability for the Injury Inflicted by the Illegal Actions of the Bodies of Inquest, Preliminary Investigation, the Procurator's Office and the Court of Law
Article 1071. Bodies and Persons Acting on Behalf of the State Treasury in Case of Redress of Injury at Its Expense
Article 1072. Redress of Injury by the Person Who Has Insured His Liability
Article 1073. Liability for the Injury Inflicted by Minors at the Age Before 14 Years
Article 1074. Liability for the Injury Inflicted by Minors at the Age From 14 to 18 Years
Article 1075. Liability of Parents Deprived in Parental Rights for the Injury Inflicted by Minors
Article 1076. Liability for the Injury Inflicted by the Individual Recognized as Legally Unfit
Article 1077. Liability for the Injury Inflicted by the Individual Recognized as Having Limited Legal Capacity
Article 1078. Liability for the Injury Inflicted by the Individual Who Is Incapable of Understanding the Significance of His Actions
Article 1079. Liability for the Injury Inflicted by the Activity with Increased Hazard for People Around
Article 1080. Liability for the Injury Jointly Inflicted by Persons
Article 1081. The Right of Recourse to the Person Who Has Inflicted Injury
Article 1082. Methods of Redressing Injury
Article 1083. The Registration of the Fault of the Injured Party and the Property Status of the Person Who Has Inflicted Injury

2. The Redress of the Injury Inflicted on the Life or Health of an Individual

Article 1084. The Redress of the Injury Inflicted on the Life or Health of an Individual During the Discharge of Contractual or Other Obligations
Article 1085. The Extent and Character of the Redress of Injury Inflicted on the Person's Health
Article 1086. The Estimation of the Earnings (Income) Lost as a Result of the Impairment of Health
Article 1087. The Redress of Injury in Case of Impairing the Health of the Person Who Has Not Attained Majority
Article 1088. The Redress of the Injury Inflicted on the Persons Who Have Suffered Damage as a Result of the Breadwinner's Death
Article 1089. The Amount of the Redress of Injury Sustained in Case of the Breadwinner's Death
Article 1090. Subsequent Changes in the Amount of Compensation for Injury
Article 1091. Increase of Amount of Compensation of Harm in Connection with Increased Cost of Living
Article 1092. Payments for the Redress of Injury
Article 1093. The Redress of Injury in Case of the Termination of a Legal Entity
Article 1094. The Reimbursement of Expenses on Burial

3. The Redress of the Injury Inflicted by Defects in Goods, Works or Services

Article 1095. The Grounds for the Redress of Injury Inflicted by Defects in Goods, Works and Services
Article 1096. Persons Responsible for the Injury Inflicted Owing to Defects in Goods, Works and Services
Article 1097. The Time-limits of the Redress of the Injury Inflicted as a Result of Defects in Goods, Works or Services
Article 1098. The Grounds for the Release from Liability for the Injury Inflicted Owing to Defects in Goods, Works or Services

4. Compensation for the Moral Damage

Article 1099. General Provisions
Article 1100. The Grounds for the Compensation of the Moral Damage
Article 1101. The Method and Amount of the Compensation for the Moral Damage Chapter 60 Obligations Due to Unjust Enrichment
Article 1102. The Obligation to Return Unjust Enrichment
Article 1103. The Correlation of Claims for the Return of Unjust Enrichment With Other Claims for the Protection of Civil Rights
Article 1104. The Return of Unjust Enrichment in Kind
Article 1105. Compensation for the Value of Unjust Enrichment
Article 1106. The Consequences of the Groundless Transfer of the Right to Another Person
Article 1107. The Reimbursement of Non-received Income to the Victim
Article 1108. The Reimbursement of Expenses on Property Subject to Return
Article 1109. Unjust Enrichment Not Subject to Return

Part III Three

Section V Law of Succession

Chapter 61 General Provisions Governing Succession


Article 1110. Succession
Article 1111. Grounds for Succession
Article 1112. Deceased's Estate
Article 1113. The Opening of an Inheritance
Article 1114. The Time of Opening of an Inheritance
Article 1115. The Place of Opening of an Inheritance
Article 1116. Persons Who Can Be Called Upon to Inherit
Article 1117. Unworthy Heirs

Chapter 62 Succession by Will


Article 1118. General Provisions
Article 1119. The Freedom of Will
Article 1120. The Right to Leave Any Property in a Will
Article 1121. The Appointment of an Heir and an Alternate Heir in a Will
Article 1122. The Shares of Heirs in Property Left by a Will
Article 1123. The Secrecy of a Will
Article 1124. General Rules Concerning the Form of and Procedure for the Creation of a Will
Article 1125. A Will Attested by a Notary
Article 1126. Closed Wills
Article 1127. Wills Qualifying as Wills Attested by a Notary
Article 1128. The Testamentary Disposition of Funds in Banks
Article 1129. Wills under Extraordinary Circumstances
Article 1130. The Revocation and Alteration of a Will
Article 1131. Invalidity of a Will
Article 1132. Construction of Wills
Article 1133. Execution of Wills
Article 1134. Executor of Wills
Article 1135. The Powers of the Executor of the Will
Article 1136. Reimbursement of Expenses Relating to the Execution of a Will
Article 1137. Testamentary Trust
Article 1138. Execution of a Testamentary Trust
Article 1139. Private Purpose Trust
Article 1140. Transfer of the Duty to Execute a Testamentary Trust or Private Purpose Trust to Other Heirs

Chapter 63 Succession by Operation of Law


Article 1141. General Provisions
Article 1142. First Category Heirs
Article 1143. Second Category Heirs
Article 1144. Third Category Heirs
Article 1145. Next Category Heirs
Article 1146. Succession by Right of Representation
Article 1147. Succession by Adopted Children and Adopters
Article 1148. Succession by Disabled Dependants of the Testator
Article 1149. The Right to a Compulsory Share of Estate
Article 1150. The Rights of a Spouse to Inheritance
Article 1151. Escheat

Chapter 64 Acquisition of Inheritance


Article 1152. Acceptance of Inheritance
Article 1153. The Methods of Accepting an Inheritance
Article 1154. The Term for Acceptance of an Inheritance
Article 1155. Acceptance of an Inheritance upon the Expiry of the Established Term
Article 1156. The Transfer of a Right to Accept an Inheritance (Hereditary Transition)
Article 1157. The Right of Disclaimer
Article 1158. Disclaimer of an Inheritance for the Benefit of Other Persons and Disclaimer of a Portion of a Gift
Article 1159. Methods of Disclaimer
Article 1160. Right of Disclaimer of a Testamentary Trust
Article 1161. Increment of Shares of Estate
Article 1162. Certificate of Right to Inheritance
Article 1163. Term for Issue of a Certificate of Right to Inheritance
Article 1164. Heirs' Common Ownership
Article 1165. Distribution of Decedent's Estate by Agreement between Heirs
Article 1166. Safeguarding the Interests of a Child in the Case of Distribution of Estate
Article 1167. Safeguarding the Lawful Interests of Minors, Citizens Lacking Dispositive Capacity or Having a Limited Dispositive Capacity in the Case of Distribution of Estate
Article 1168. Right in Rem Relating to an Indivisible Item in Cases of Distribution of Estate
Article 1169. Preferential Right to Ordinary Household Articles in Cases of Distribution of Estate
Article 1170. Compensation of Mismatch between Received Assets of an Estate and the Share in the Estate
Article 1171. Preservation of an Estate and Administration of an Estate
Article 1172. Measures for Preservation of the Estate
Article 1173. Management on Trust of the Estate
Article 1174. Reimbursement of Expenses Incurred Due to the Death of the Testator and Expenses Towards Preservation and Administration of the Estate
Article 1175. Heirs' Liabilities for the Testator's Debts

Chapter 65 Succession of Specific Types of Assets


Article 1176. Succession of Rights Connected with an Interest in Economic Partnerships and Companies and Production Co-Operatives
Article 1177. Succession of Rights Relating to Participation in a Consumer Co-Operative
Article 1178. Succession of an Enterprise
Article 1179. Succession of Property of a Member of a Peasant (Individual) Farm
Article 1180. Succession of Items with Limited Alienability
Article 1181. Succession of Plots of Land
Article 1182. Peculiarities of Partition of a Plot of Land
Article 1183. Succession of Outstanding Amounts of Money Granted to a Citizen as Means of Subsistence
Article 1184. Succession of Assets Granted to the Testator by the State or a Municipal Entity on Privileged Terms
Article 1185. Succession of State Awards, Honour and Commemorative Badges

Section VI International Private Law

Chapter 66 General Provisions


Article 1186. Determining the Law Governing Civil Legal Relations Involving the Participation of Foreign Persons or Civil Legal Relations Complicated by Another Foreign Factor
Article 1187. Construction of Legal Terms in the Definition of Applicable Law
Article 1188. The Application of the Law of a Country with Several Legal Systems
Article 1189. Reciprocity
Article 1190. Reverse Reference
Article 1191. Establishing the Content of Foreign Law Norms
Article 1192. Application of Imperative Norms
Article 1193. Public Order Clause
Article 1194. Retortions

Chapter 67 The Law Governing Determination of the Legal Status of Persons


Article 1195. The Personal Law of Natural Persons
Article 1196. The Law Governing Determination of the Civil Legal Capacity of a Natural Person
Article 1197. The Law Governing Determination of the Civil Dispositive Capacity of a Natural Person
Article 1198. The Law Governing Determination of the Rights of a Natural Person to a Name
Article 1199. The Law Governing Tutorship and Guardianship
Article 1200. The Law Governing Cases of a Natural Person's Being Declared Missing or Dead
Article 1201. The Law Governing Determination of the Possibility for a Natural Person to Pursue Entrepreneurial Activity
Article 1202. The Personal Law of a Legal Entity
Article 1203. The Personal Law of a Foreign Organisation Not Qualifying as a Legal Entity under Foreign Law
Article 1204. Participation of a State in Civil Legal Relations Complicated by a Foreign Factor

Chapter 68 The Law Governing Proprietary and Personal Non-Proprietary Relations


Article 1205. General Provisions Concerning the Law Governing Rights in Rem
Article 1206. The Law Governing the Emergence and Termination of Rights in Rem
Article 1207. The Law Governing Rights in Rem Relating to Aircraft, Vessels and Spacecraft
Article 1208. The Law Governing Statute of Limitations
Article 1209. The Law Governing the Form of Transaction
Article 1210. Selection of Law by the Parties to a Contract
Article 1211. The Law Governing a Contract in the Case of Lack of Parties' Agreement on Applicable Law
Article 1212. The Law Governing a Contract with Participation of a Consumer
Article 1213. The Law Governing Contracts Relating to Immovable Property
Article 1214. The Law Governing Contracts for the Formation of a Legal Entity with Foreign Interest
Article 1215. The Applicability of Law Governing a Contract
Article 1216. The Law Governing Assignment of a Claim
Article 1217. The Law Governing Obligations Emerging from Unilateral Transactions
Article 1218. The Law Governing the Relations of Payment of Interest
Article 1219. The Law Governing Obligations Emerging as a Result of Infliction of Harm
Article 1220. Applicability of the Law Governing Obligations Emerging as a Result of Infliction of Harm
Article 1221. The Law Governing Liability for Harm Inflicted as a Result of Defects of Goods, Works or Services
Article 1222. The Law Governing Obligations Emerging as a Result of Unfair Competition
Article 1223. The Law Governing Obligations Emerging as a Result of Unjust Gains
Article 1224. The Law Governing Succession Relations

Taken from http://www.russian-civil-code.com/

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