Maxim Polyakov: your Russian qualified lawyer in Moscow, Russia, tel. +7-495-518-72-62
ARBITRATUS.RU
Home     RF Constitution     RF Codes     Consulting     Equity     Site Map     Russian    
THE FAMILY CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION


No 223-FZ of December 29, 1995

Adopted by the State Duma on December 8, 1995

Contents

Section I. General Propositions

Chapter 1. The Family Legislation


Article 1. Fundamental Principles of the Family Legislation
Article 2. Relations, Regulated by the Family Legislation
Article 3. The Family Legislation and Other Acts, Containing the Norms of Family Law
Article 4. Application of the Civil Legislation to the Family Relations
Article 5. Application of the Family Legislation and of the Civil Legislation to the Family Relations by Analogy
Article 6. The Family Legislation and the Norms of International Law

Chapter 2. Exercising and Safeguarding the Family Rights


Article 7. Exercising the Family Rights and Discharging the Family Duties
Article 8. Defence of the Family Rights
Article 9. Application of the Term of Legal Limitation in the Family Relations

Section II. Entering into a Marriage and Termination of the Marriage

Chapter 3. The Terms and Procedure for Entering into a Marriage


Article 10. Entering into a Marriage
Article 11. Procedure for Entering into a Marriage
Article 12. The Terms for Entering into a Marriage
Article 13. The Marriageable Age
Article 14. The Circumstances, Preventing the Entering into a Marriage
Article 15. Medical Examination of the Persons, Entering into a Marriage

Chapter 4. Termination of the Marriage


Article 16. The Grounds for Terminating the Marriage
Article 17. Restriction of the Husband's Right to File a Claim for the Dissolution of the Marriage
Article 18. Procedure for the Dissolution of the Marriage
Article 19. Dissolution of the Marriage at the Registry Offices
Article 20. Consideration of the Disputes, Arising Between the Spouses, When Their Marriage Is Being Dissolved at the Registry Offices
Article 21. Dissolution of the Marriage in Court
Article 22. Dissolution of the Marriage in Court, if One of the Spouses Does Not Consent to the Dissolution of the Marriage
Article 23. Dissolution of the Marriage in Court, If Both Spouses Consent to the Dissolution of the Marriage
Article 24. The Issues, Resolved by the Court When Taking the Decision on the Dissolution of the Marriage
Article 25. The Moment of Termination of the Marriage, When It Is Being Dissolved
Article 26. Restoration of the Marriage in Case of the Appearance of the Spouse, Declared as Dead or Recognized as Missing

Chapter 5. Annulment of the Marriage


Article 27. Recognizing the Marriage as Annulled
Article 28. The Persons, Having the Right to Demand that a Marriage Be Recognized as Annulled
Article 29. The Circumstances, Eliminating the Annulment of a Marriage
Article 30. The Consequences of Recognizing a Marriage as Annulled

Section III. The Spouses' Rights and Duties

Chapter 6. The Spouses' Personal Rights and Duties


Article 31. The Spouses' Equality in the Family
Article 32. The Spouses' Right of Option to a Surname

Chapter 7. The Legal Regime of the Spouses' Property


Article 33. The Concept of the Legal Regime of the Spouses' Property
Article 34. The Spouses' Joint Property
Article 35. Possession, Use and Disposal of the Spouses' Joint Property
Article 36. The Property of Each of the Spouses
Article 37. Recognizing the Property of Each of the Spouses as Their Joint Property
Article 38. Division of the Spouses' Common Property
Article 39. Delineation of the Shares in the Division of the Spouses' Common Property

Chapter 8. The Contractual Regime of the Spouses' Property


Article 40. The Marriage Contract
Article 41. Conclusion of the Marriage Contract
Article 42. The Content of the Marriage Contract
Article 43. Amendment and Dissolution of the Marriage Contract
Article 44. Recognizing the Marriage Contract as Invalid

Chapter 9. The Spouses' Responsibility by Obligations


Article 45. Turning an Exaction onto the Spouses' Property
Article 46. Guarantees for the Creditors' Rights in the Conclusion, Amendment and Dissolution of the Marriage Contract

Section IV. The Rights and the Duties of Parents and Children

Chapter 10. Establishment of the Children's Descent


Article 47. The Ground for the Arising of the Rights and the Duties of Parents and Children
Article 48. Establishment of the Child's Descent
Article 49. Establishment of the Fatherhood in Court
Article 50. Establishment in Court of the Fact of Recognizing the Fatherhood
Article 51. The Entry of the Child's Parents into the Register of Births
Article 52. Disputing the Fatherhood (the Motherhood)
Article 53. The Rights and Duties of the Children, Born of the Unmarried Persons

Chapter 11. The Rights of Underaged Children


Article 54. The Child's Right to Live and to Be Brought Up in a Family
Article 55. The Child's Right to Communice with his Parents and with Other Relatives
Article 56. The Child's Right to Protection
Article 57. The Child's Right to Express His Opinion
Article 58. The Child's Right to a Name, Patronymic and Surname
Article 59. Changing the Child's Name and Surname
Article 60. The Property Rights of the Child

Chapter 12. The Parents' Rights and Duties


Article 61. Equality of the Parents' Rights and Duties
Article 62. The Rights of Underaged Parents
Article 63. The Parents' Rights and Duties in the Upbringing and Education of Children
Article 64. The Parents' Rights and Duties in Protecting the Rights and the Interests of Children
Article 65. Exercizing the Parental Rights
Article 66. Exercizing Parental Rights by the Parent, Residing Apart from the Child
Article 67. The Right to Communicate with the Child of His Grandfather, Grandmother, Brothers and Sisters, and of Other Realtives
Article 68. Protection of the Parental Rights
Article 69. Deprivation of the Parenthood
Article 70. Procedure for Deprivation of the Parenthood
Article 71. Subsequences of the Deprivation of the Parenthood
Article 72. Restoration in the Parenthood
Article 73. Restriction of the Parental Rights
Article 74. Consequences of the Restriction of the Parental Rights
Article 75. The Child's Contacts with the Parents, Whose Parental Rights Are Restricted by the Court
Article 76. Cancelling the Restriction of the Parental Rights
Article 77. Taking the Child Away, if There Is a Direct Threat to His Life or Health
Article 78. Participation of the Guardianship and Trusteeship Body in the Court's Considering the Disputes, Involved in the Upbringing of Children
Article 79. Execution of the Court Decision on the Cases, Involved in the Upbringing of Children

Section V. The Alimony Obligations of Family Members

Chapter 13. The Alimony Obligations of Parents and of Children


Article 80. The Parents' Obligations in Maintaining Children
Article 81. The Amount of an Alimony, to Be Exacted for Underaged Children Through the Court
Article 82. The Kinds of the Earnings and (or) of Another Income, from Which an Alimony for Underaged Children Shall Be Taken
Article 83. Exaction of an Alimony for Underaged Children as a Fixed Monetary Amount
Article 84. Exaction and the Use of an Alimony for Children, Left Without Parental Care
Article 85. The Right to an Alimony of Disabled Adult Children
Article 86. The Parents' Participation in Extra Expenses for Children
Article 87. The Duties of Adult Children in Maintaining Parents
Article 88. Participation of Adult Children in Extra Expenses on Parents

Chapter 14. The Alimony Obligations of Spouses and of Ex-Spouses


Article 89. The Spouses' Duties by the Mutual Maintenance
Article 90. The Ex-Spouse's Right to an Alimony after the Dissolution of the Marriage
Article 91. The Amount of an Alimony, Exacted from Parents Through the Court
Article 92. Relieving the Spouse of the Duty to Maintain the Other Spouse, or Restricting This Duty by a Term

Chapter 15. The Alimony Duties of Other Family Members


Article 93. The Brothers' and the Sisters' Duties in Maintaining Their Underaged and Disabled Adult Brothers and Sisters
Article 94. The Grandfather's and the Grandmother's Duties in Maintaining Their Grandchildren
Article 95. The Grandchildren's Duty to Maintain Their Grandfather and Grandmother
Article 96. The Duty of the Wards to Maintain Those Persons, Who Have Actually Raised Them
Article 97. The Duties of the Stepsons and the Stepdaughters to Maintain Their Stepfather and Stepmother
Article 98. The Amount of an Alimony, Exacted Through the Court for Other Family Members

Chapter 16. Agreements on the Payment of an Alimony


Article 99. Concluding an Agreement on the Payment of an Alimony
Article 100. The Form of an Agreement on the Payment of an Alimony
Article 101. The Way of Concluding, Executing, Amending, Cancelling and Recognizing as Invalid an Agreement on the Payment of an Alimony
Article 102. Recognizing as Invalid Agreements on the Payment of an Alimony, Violating the Interests of the Alimony Recipient
Article 103. The Amount of the Alimony, Paid by an Agreement on the Payment of an Alimony
Article 104. The Ways and the Order of the Payment of an Alimony by an Agreement on the Payment of an Alimony
Article 105. Indexation of the Amount of the Alimony, to Be Paid by an Agreement on the Payment of an Alimony

Chapter 17. Procedure for the Payment and for the Exaction of an Alimony


Article 106. Exaction of an Alimony by a Court Decision
Article 107. The Term for Applying for an Alimony
Article 108. Exaction of an Alimony Before Resolving the Dispute in Court
Article 109. The Duty of the Administration of an Ordanization to Withhold an Alimony
Article 110. Deduction of an Alimony on the Ground of an Agreement on the Payment of an Alimony
Article 111. The Duty to Inform about the Change of the Place of the Job of the Person, Obliged to Pay the Alimony
Article 112. Turning the Exaction onto the Property of the Person, Obliged to Pay an Alimony
Article 113. Defining the Debt by an Alimony
Article 114. Relieving of the Payment of the Debt by an Alimony
Article 115. Responsibility for an Untimely Payment of an Alimony
Article 116. Inadmissibility of the Offsetting and of the Back Exaction of the Alimony
Article 117. Indexation of an Alimony
Article 118. Payment of an Alimony, if the Person, Obliged to Pay the Alimony, Moves for a Permanent Residence to a Foreign State
Article 119. Amending the Size of the Alimony, Established by the Court, and Relieving of the Payment of the Alimony
Article 120. Termination of the Alimony Obligations

Section VI. The Forms of Upbringing Children, Left Without Parental Care

Chapter 18. Identification and Accommodation of Children, Left Without Parental Care


Article 121. Protection of the Rights and Interests of Children, Left Without Parental Care
Article 122. Identification and Registration of Children, Left Without Parental Care
Article 123. Accommodation of Children, Left Without Parental Care

Chapter 19. Adoption of Children


Article 124. Children, with Respect to Whom Adoption Shall Be Admitted
Article 125. Procedure for Adopting a Child
Article 126. Registration of Children, Subject to Adoption, and of Persons, Wishing to Adopt a Child
Article 126.1 Impermissibility of Intermediary Activity in the Adoption of Children
Article 127. The Persons, Who Have the Right to Be Adopters
Article 128. An Age Gap Between the Adopter and the Adoptee
Article 129. The Parents' Consent to the Adoption of a Child
Article 130. The Child's Adoption Without the Parents' Consent
Article 131. Consent to the Child's Adoption of His Guardians (Trustees), Foster Parents and Heads of the Institutions, Where the Children, Left Without Parental Care, Stay
Article 132. The Adopted Child's Consent to Adoption
Article 133. Consent of the Adopter's Spouse to the Adoption of a Child
Article 134. The Name, Patronymic and Surname of the Adopted Child
Article 135. Changing the Date and Place of the Adopted Child's Birth
Article 136. The Entry of the Adopters as the Adopted Child's Parents
Article 137. Legal Consequences of the Child's Adoption
Article 138. The Adopted Child's Retaining the Right to a Pension and to Allowances
Article 139. The Secret of the Child's Adoption
Article 140. Cancelling the Child's Adoption
Article 141. The Grounds for Cancelling the Child's Adoption
Article 142. The Persons, Who Have the Right to Claim Cancellation of the Child's Adoption
Article 143. The Consequences of Cancelling the Child's Adoption
Article 144. Inadmissibility of Cancelling the Adoption upon the Child's Reaching the Majority

Chapter 20. Guardianship and Trusteeship over Children


Article 145. The Children, over Whom Guardianship or Trusteeship Is Instituted
Article 146. The Children's Guardians (Trustees)
Article 147. The Guardianship (the Trusteeship) over the Children, Staying at Educational Establishments, at Medical Centres and at the Institutions for the Social Protection of the Population
Article 148. The Rights of the Children, Put under the Guardianship (the Trusteeship)
Article 149. The Rights of Children, Left Without Parental Care and Staying at Educational Establishments, at Medical Centres and at Institutions for the Social Protection of the Population
Article 150. The Rights and Duties of the Child's Guardian (Trustee)

Chapter 21. The Foster Family


Article 151. Starting a Foster Family
Article 152. An Agreement on Giving the Child (the Children) for Upbringing into a Family
Article 153. The Foster Parents
Article 154. The Child (the Children), Given for Upbringing into a Foster Family
Article 155. Maintenance of the Child (the Children), Given into a Foster Family

Section VII. Application of the Family Legislation to Family Relations with the Participation of Foreign and of Stateless Persons


Article 156. Entering into a Marriage on the Territory of the Russian Federation
Article 157. Entering into a Marriage at the Diplomatic Representations and at the Consular Institutions
Article 158. Recognition of Marriages, Entered into Outside of the Territory of the Russian Federation
Article 159. Invalidity of the Marriage, Entered into on the Territory of the Russian Federation or Outside of the Territory of the Russian Federation
Article 160. Dissolution of a Marriage
Article 161. Personal Non-Property and Property Rights and Duties of the Spouses
Article 162. Establishing and Disputing the Fatherhood (the Motherhood)
Article 163. The Rights and Duties of Parents and Children
Article 164. The Alimony Obligations of Adult Children and of Other Family Members
Article 165. The Adoption
Article 166. Establishing the Content of the Norms of Foreign Family Law
Article 167. Restricting the Application of the Norms of Foreign Family Law

Section VIII. Final Provisions


Article 168. Procedure for Putting the Present Code in Force
Article 169. Application of the Norms of the Present Code
Article 170. Bringing the Legal Normative Acts into Correspondence with the Present Code

Taken from http://www.divorceinrussia.com/objectdata/WebPageImpl/3946/THE_FAMILY_CODE_OF_THE_RUSSIAN_FEDERATION.doc

maxim@arbitratus.ru

Copyright © 2001 - 2016 Arbitratus.ru All rights reserved.
Arbitratus.ru is a registered service mark of Maxim POLYAKOV

Rambler's Top100 @Mail.ru Яндекс цитирования